Brinjal is an erect annual plant, often spiny, with large, coarsely lobed fuzzy leaves, 10-20 cm long and 5-10 cm broad. Midseason purple long Asian type eggplant. Brinjal is among the most widely available and consumed vegetables in India, after potato, onion and tomato. Of the more than 770 varieties of eggplant, some of the white fruits have names that include Casper, Easter Egg, Cloud Nine, Tango, Albino, Ghostbuster and White Beauty. E arlier this month, the Narendra Modi government reportedly sanctioned biosafety field trials of two new transgenic varieties of brinjal, developed by a public sector research institute. Browse a huge selection of eggplant seeds and plants that ornamental in your vegetable garden or patio in stock at Burpee. These large dark purple eggplants are a bit smaller than globe eggplants and often … Tag: Brinjal Varieties In Tamilnadu. In seedling disease, it causes damping off symptoms. Other Varieties of Brinjal Manjri Gota, Vaishali, Pusa Kranti, Arka Sheel, Pusa Ankur, Arka Neelkanth, Pant Rituraj, T-3, Dudhia, Swarna Shree, Swarna Mani, Swarna shyamli, Swarna Pratibha, Swarna Shobha, Arka Avnish, Arka Harshitha, Kuchia, Pant Samrat. Jagdish Reddy. The high fiber content of brinjals can also help in eliminating the bad cholesterol in the body. Little Leaf of Brinjal: This is a severe viral disease of brinjal cultivation. Brinjal harvest is ready for first choosing within two months after transplanting in the field. If you've only ever picked up an eggplant at the grocery store, you may think that each and every eggplant is the same large, oblong, and deep purple. Spraying with Dithane Z-78 (0.2%) or Bordeaux mixture (1 percent) effectively controls the disease within the field. Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics. Two types of symptoms have been observed. Control Measures: Adopting good field sanitation, destruction of infected plant material and crop rotation assist to reduce the spread of this diseases. Out of all the types of eggplant, none stands out like the Thai eggplant, which seems different in almost every way. The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant has been derived from the shape of the fruit of some varieties which are white and resemble in shape to chicken eggs. It is derived from the Latin word sol , meaning “sun”, which reffers to its status as the sun plant. Here are some of the best Brinjal Varieties In India, you can grow. This variety has a dwarf and spreading growth habit. Depending on the cultivar, their fruits range in size from that of a grape to that of a football. Control Measures: Healthy seeds should be chosen for sowing. Fairy Tale Eggplant. Brinjal is one of the most common tropical vegetables grown in India. Types of Indian Eggplants. In the nursery, aphids can be controlled by means of Carbofuran (1 pound a.i./ha) in the nursery bed in the time of sowing seeds followed by 2 to 3 foliar sprays of Phosphamidon (0.05%) at a period of 9 to 10 days. The leaves of infected plants are deformed, small and leathery. Spraying Malathion (2ml/liter of water) beginning with the overall look of the leafhoppers regulates their population. The fruits are ready for picking in 100 to 110 days after planting. Fruits have very few seeds with a thin tender skin and white interior. Average yield is about 28 to 30 tonnes/ha. Brinjals contain bioflavonoids, which help maintain stress levels and blood pressure. This brinjal crop is ready for picking in 145 to 150 days after transplanting in the field. arrow_drop_down - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar Toggle navigation Miniature Eggplant Varieties. Normal crop yield is approximately 37 to 38 tonnes/ha. Here are a few of the most popular Indian eggplant cultivars: Black Chu Chu hybrid, which produces small rounded fruits, is one of the newer Indian eggplant varieties. 38, ISAAA: Ithaca, NY. The best known African eggplants are the miniature pumpkin-shaped so called "African scarlet eggplant" and the Brazilian Jiló. Arka Keshav of Brinjal Varieties: This variety is high producing bacterial wilt resistant. Introduction of Brinjal (Eggplant): Brinjal or Eggplant is an important crop of subtropics and tropics. 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The Development and Regulation of Bt Brinjal in India (Eggplant/ Aubergine), ISAAA Brief No. Noun: 1. brinjal - hairy upright herb native to southeastern Asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable Soil solarization by dispersing 250 gauge polythene sheet above the bed for 30 days before sowing and application of bio-control representative Trichoderma viride in soil @ 1.2 kg/ha is also found successful to control damping-off to some substantial extent. With these crosses EggPreBreed II will allow to obtain genetic material of eggplant that in most of its characters—fruit size, color, composition, etc. Fruits measure 6-8" long and are 1-1.5" in diameter. Development of Core Set 7. The Yellow Egg is a Thai heirloom eggplant that's yellow in color. It is basically the size and shape of a golf ball, and instead of white or purple, this eggplant is a bright green color.Interestingly enough, small stripes of purple and white can also be found on some examples of this type. The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant has been derived from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which … 19. Best Plant Nursery in Imphal You Should Visit! At the time, the eggplant was more white and yellow than today's purple-skinned fruit, leading to an even closer comparison of the eggplant to an egg. Caspar. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. Brinjal Varieties and Diseases Information. Some are striped and round, others white and short, looking like a chicken egg, thus its most famous name. The crop is ready for picking in 150 to160 days after planting. Read up on the different types of eggplant and how to use each so you too can be an auber-genius. Eggplant Varieties: Grow an eggplant variety suited to the number of days in your region that can match the soil and air temperatures eggplants demand. Scientists inserted a gene from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (thus the name, Bt) into nine brinjal varieties. Brinjal varieties are classified on the basis of their shape, size, and color. Your email address will not be published. It’s rarely bitter and cooks fast, as is the case with other small Asian Browse 14,294 eggplant stock photos and images available, or search for eggplant isolated or eggplant emoji to find more great stock photos and pictures. The important symptoms of this disease are mosaic mottling of the leaves and stunting of plants. Cut it into large chunks to braise, stir-fry, saute, or pickle. Jun 14, 2019 - Explore Ali Abbas Hamade's board "Eggplant varieties" on Pinterest. The leaves show a reduction in size and therefore are malformed. The constant raising of the nursery at the same plot ought to be avoided. Fruits are tender and Free of bitter fundamentals with seed maturity. Brinjal is one of the potentially important export vegetables and the export volume and the export value during the 1994-1996 period is presented in the Table. There are oh-so-many shades of purple (and white! So at the very least, choose a pot that is 12 inches deep and has proper drainage holes. Fruits of this cultivar are oblong and stocky than slender with attractive dark purple color. If you look at a few different varieties of eggplant, however, you may not guess they’re the same vegetable (Well, fruit). Eggplants are such delicious things. The fungus infects the seedlings from the nursery causing damping off symptoms. Long Purple. Dairy Processing Plant Project Report, Setup Cost, Profit. References:- • Choudhary, B & Gaur, K. 2008. However, if any fruit is formed it will become tough and hard and neglects to grow. Verticillium Wilt: The disease attacks the young plants in addition to mature plants. Although the Indian name of Brinjal– Baingan, literally translates as something without benefits. Some are striped and round, others white and short, looking like a chicken egg, thus its most famous name. and yellow!) Breeding Methods 8. Origin of Brinjal 2. Brinjal (Solanum melongena), also known as eggplant or aubergine, is an easily cultivated plant belonging to the family Solanaceae. Brinjal belongs to the family of Solanaceae, also commonly known as nightshades, and are cousins of potatoes, tomatoes and bell peppers. Known as “aubergine” in Europe, the name “brinjal” is common to Southeast Asia, South Asia, and Africa. This variety has to spread plant dependency with green stem and green leaves. This cultivar is a top yielding type with resistance to bacterial vaginosis. Calyx purplish green. Flower parts are deformed leading the crops to be sterile. Thai eggplants, for example, look more like tiny watermelons, while Japanese eggplants look just like their emoji rendering. Organic Mint Farming (Pudina), Planting And Growing. Common Name: Eggplant, Aubergine Indian Names: Baingan (Hindi), Badenekayi (Kannada), Kathirikayi (Tamil) Botanical Name: Solanum melongena Vegetable type: Berry (The brinjal is actually classified as a fruit!) There are countless varieties out there, all unique in their own way. The common name is widely used everywhere. 2 Origin and distribution Wild brinjal can be found growing in Malaysia and India. Infection affected plant are generally shorter in stature bearing a large number of branches, roots, and leaves compared to healthy plants. The different types of Japanese eggplants look just like their emoji rendering 34,600 / ha and Producer. And Diseases in India but in British English it is beneficial to know the name! 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