In the U.S., it is found in most of the Eastern U.S. and in parts of New Mexico and Arizona. Eastern cottontails rely on many different plant species. In winter the cottontail's pelageis more gray than brown. The eastern cottontail’s front legs are shorter than its hind legs, and the soles of its feet are covered in fur. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit PHYSIOLOGY Several species of cottontails inhabit North America, but here in Eastern Ontario, the familiar “bunny rabbit” is the Eastern Cottontail. Recreational hunters kill millions of eastern cottontails each year. It has also been introduced in New England, British Colombia, and Oregon. The Eastern Cottontail is the most common species of Cottontail Rabbits. Both parents reach maturity at the age of 2 – 3 months. Another interesting fact is that cottontail rabbits tend to have a quite small home range. Mourning Dove. The Eastern cottontail is the most common rabbit species in North America. The body is lighter color with a white underside on the tail. Eastern cottontail rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus) Category: Mammals The Eastern cottontail is one of the most common and widespread species of rabbit in North America. Females are slightly larger than males. Cottontail’s ears average 4.9 – … This rabbit is seen throughout the state, especially in semi-open areas that have thick, low cover such as brush piles and hedges. Managing Edges for Wildlife. 3. There are several species of cottontail rabbit, but the eastern cottontail is the most common. Eastern cottontail can be active at dusk and dawn (crepuscular) or during the night (nocturnal). The average sizes and weights of the three rabbit and hare species of New York are presented in Table 1. Eastern cottontail’s diet consists of crabgrasses, Canada bluegrass, ragweed, quackgrass, dandelion, wild strawberries, clover, wild rye, redtop, plantains, alfalfa, and timothy. They also occur in the Midwest North America. (Almost) 360-degree vision Eastern cottontails have eyes that protrude a bit from their heads, giving them almost 360-degree vision. High mortality is a limiting factor for the growth of population. The cottontail is slight of build compared to the snowshoe hare. Eastern Cottontails actually produce two different types of droppings. Sometimes they dig underground burrows not only to avoid predators but also to thwart harsh winter weather. Females are more likely to be heavier than males. Mating and births occur a little later in the north and earlier in southern climates. It usually inhabits fields, meadows, swamps, deserts, prairies and farms (where it can produce significant damage). They are mostly active at sunrise and sunset. Adult cottontail averages 35.5 – 48.5 cm in the overall length. Pair of eastern cottontails can produce 350.000 descendents in 5 years, but only 15% of babies will manage to survive until the age of one year. It is especially abundant in habitats that contain edges of open, grassy fields and thorny or shrubby cover. The eastern cottontail rabbit doesn't dig its own burrows like some other rabbit species do, so they will either find an empty burrow from another animal to crawl into or they will look for woody vegetation to huddle under during cold weather. Eastern cottontails are typically aggressive species but they will avoid fight inasmuch as possible. Songbirds and Woodpeckers. The second is small and hard and is only waste, having had all the nutrients extracted from it. Its underside fur is white. Cottontails are found in large numbers in Arizona and New Mexico. Mating season of eastern cottontails lasts from January to September. Depending on the location and habitat, the mating season varies but it usually takes place in January and September. Eastern Gray Squirrel. With twenty different species to choose from, there is so much you can learn about these mammals! The mortality rate is almost zero. The eastern cottontail rabbit has a compact body with long hind legs, long ears, large brown eyes, and a short tail. Eastern cottontail is small mammal that belongs to the family of rabbits. A familiar rabbit species across much of eastern North America, the eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) has the long ears, large hind legs and feet, and short, fluffy tail which are characteristic of all rabbits and hares. Eastern cottontail has brown, reddish-brown or grey backs and white belly. Pregnancy in female lasts 25 to 35 days and ends with 3 to 8 babies (usually 7). She gives birth to 7 babies at one time. It earns its name because of its fluffy short tail. During mid-day cottontails search shelters especially those that provide them brush pile cover or thick clump of grass. First type is soft and green due to high content of undigested plants. Social Structure – Many species of cottontails are social in nature, and prefer living in large groups. The upper body parts are typically reddish-brown, lower parts are white, and it often has a white spot on the forehead. Eastern cottontail has large eyes, long ears, short front legs, long hind legs and large feet whose soles are covered with fur. They have long prominent ears that are set just above the head. Facts About the New England Cottontail Rabbit. Eastern cottontail rabbits occupy the shrubby areas of south-central United States, eastern Mexico, southern Canada, northernmost South America, eastern United States, and Central America. Other Predators include Foxes, weasels, and bull snakes. It is the most common rabbit species in North America. The more common Eastern Cottontail was brought to New England to be hunted. There are some few fun facts we have found of this cottontail rabbit. Eastern cottontail has brown, reddish-brown or grey backs and white belly. They prefer to live in meadows and shrubby areas with abundant green grasses and herbs. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit. The cottontail bunny eats plants, is most active at dusk and dawn, and provides a major link in food webs. It makes home in open grassy habitats including shrubby cover. Appalachian cottontails are found in the eastern United States ranging from Pennsylvania to South Carolina and being most prominent in the Appalachian Mountains. Unlike other rabbits, eastern cottontails do not change color of the fur into white during the winter. These rabbits are able to begin breeding at 2 to 3 months old. Eastern cottontail swallows it again to digest it more thoroughly and to extract remaining nutrients. New England Cottontails are primarily forest creatures and depend on areas of thick shrubs to hide. The kits develop the same coloring afte… The genus is widely distributed across North America, Central America and northern and … They spend daylight hours in shades. Young rabbits open their eyes 4 – 5 days after birth. let’s have a look on them; They are productive breeders. Read complete article related to Pygmy rabbit facts here. Eastern cottontails are popular game animals. Eastern Cottontail Rabbits are brown-gray fur above, reddish-brown fur around its neck and shoulders and lighter fur on its belly. Eastern cottontail can survive up to 3 years in the wild. Cottontail rabbits eat a wide variety of plant foods including grasses, sedges, sprouts, leaves, fruits, buds, and bark. Low Cost Habitat Improvements. The eastern cottontail is chunky, red-brown or gray-brown in appearance, with large hind feet, long ears, and a short, fluffy white tail. They are known to live on the edges of more open fields and grasslands as well as yards. Raccoon. Eastern cottontail can reach 15.5 to 18.75 inches in length and 28 to 54 ounces of weight. Body ends with small, fluffy tail, which resembles a cotton ball, hence the name - cottontail. The fur around the nose, and underside of the tail and belly, is white. The eastern cottontail is found from extreme southern Canada south to South America. You can commonly find multiple animals foraging for food together, and they will frequently share burrows or burrow systems. However, they have a blind spot directly in front of them that is about 10 degrees wide. Young eastern cottontails develop quickly. The eastern cottontail shows the white underside of its short tail when it is running. They are mainly recognized by dark gray or light brown in color. These rabbits are widespread across the Americas, and many species are incredibly common. Its close cousin, the swamp rabbit, is also water… cottontail rabbit, animal of the order Lagomorpha, which includes the hares and rabbits, except for the domestic, or European, rabbit [1], which is in a separate species. From 1950s, the species was introduced to several European countries. They mate three to four times per year. During the summer months, cottontails primarily eat grasses, legumes, succulent annuals, weeds, as well as the occasional garden vegetable. Eastern Cottontail. The nests are 18 cm (7.09 in) long with the width averaging 12 cm (4.9 in). Eastern Cottontail Rabbit Facts. 2. : The most, new, latest, shocking, weird, scary, funny, fascinating, interesting and amazing things | facts in the world. Young cottontails are born blind with no ears either. The New England Cottontail was the only rabbit east of the Hudson River until the Eastern Cottontail was introduced in the late 1800s. Snags and Downed Logs. The female builds nest in a hole and gives it a cover using leaves and grasses. Interesting Eastern cottontail Facts: Eastern cottontail can reach 15.5 to 18.75 inches in length and 28 to 54 ounces of weight. There is a rusty patch on the tail. As such, each species has a slightly different habitat and climatic conditions to adapt to. In America, 13 sub-species of the cottontail exist. They remain active all year-round. The Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) is a member of the family Leporidae. However, they have been known for screaming and screeching quite loudly if caught by a predator. There is a rusty patch on the tail. During winters, the fur color changes to a grayish shade. Ruffed Grouse. They spend first days of their life in the shallow nest in the ground. 2. Cottontail’s habitats include swamps, hedgerows, forests, farmland, glades, prairies, wooded thickets, deserts, and are open like grassy fields. The eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) is arguably one of the most familiar mammals in the natural habitats as well as in captivity. The winter diet includes small grains, as well as twigs, bark, and buds of shrubs and trees. They will leave the nest when they become 14 days old. Sylvilagus floridanus. On average they can litter for 3-4 times in a year, with 3-9 young ones. The maximum lifespan is 5 years in the wild. 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