When the Aztec civilization was taken over by the Spanish, many things changed. Students: - Explain how either the Aztecs OR the Incas were affected by the Spanish conquests, e.g. Indeed, as Karl Marx and Adam Smith claimed, perhaps it … Within two years, the Spanish invaders had taken down the most powerful city-state in Mesoamerica, and the implications were not lost on the remaining city-states in the region. As news of the Spanish conquest spread, wealth-hungry Spaniards poured into the New World seeking land and gold and titles. The outbreaks of smallpox in the 1520's, measles in 1531, influenza in 1545 and 1576, as well as whooping coughs and mumps had a dramatic effect on the Indigenous people. Through a system of conquest and tribute, the Aztecs had established the great island city of Tenochtitlan in Lake Texcoco that ruled over an area of about 80,000 square miles. In 1st Jan, 1519, Hernan Cortes tried to conquer the Aztec empire with 500 men. what defeated the aztecs. Many of the factors could be considered luck and it can be mind boggling how the Spanish took on the largest empire of the day with only a handful of soldiers and weapons. Several Spanish expeditions followed in 1517 and 1519, making landfall on various parts of the Yucatán coast. Tens of thousands of Native Americans died from disease, war, and forced labor How did Portugal and other European nations challenge Spanish power? In 1st Apr, 1519, Hernan Cortes started conquering. - Spanish won battles as they were prepared and stronger than other indian tribes. Mexico changed forever Aug. 13, 1521 -- the day Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez conquered Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire and site of … The Inca population suffered a dramatic and quick decline following contact with the Europeans. LONG-TERM EFFECTS The effect of the spreading diseases could still be felt years after the Spanish Conquest. Under this system, the Spanish created mines to mine for gold to export to other countries. Impact Of The Spanish Conquest On The Aztecs conquering the Aztec civilisation, the Spanish were able to expand their empire, spread Christianity further and secure unimaginable riches. Before the arrival of the conquerors, when one people conquered another imposed their gods on the vanquished, but did not exclude the original gods. Aftermath of the Conquest of the Aztec Empire . The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire (begun February 1519) was one of the most significant events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas and was declared victorious on August 13, 1521, when a coalition army of Spanish forces and native Tlaxcalan (was a pre-Colombian city and state in central Mexico) warriors led by Hernán Cortés (was a Spanish Conquistador who led an … Two years later the conquistadors began their conquest of Mexico, and by August 1521 Tenochtitlan had been destroyed. There were major outbreaks of smallpox and it has been estimated that the indigenous populations in the Spanish colonies dropped by around 75% between 1518 and the 1560s. Guns, germs, and horses brought Cortés victory over the mighty Aztec empire The Aztec outnumbered the Spanish, but that didn't stop Hernán Cortés from seizing Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, in 1521. One of the greatest lasting effects of Spanish incursion into Latin America was the devastating loss of indigenous populations. Lasting effects of Spanish conquest in Latin America included the decimation of native populations and suppression of their languages, histories and cultures. The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire is not only one of the most significant events in the early exploration and conquest of the Americas, but also one of the most significant events in world history. 4.1.1. With cultural hegemony, the Spanish had a template on how to conquest and colonize. The Spaniards did not act in the same way; they destroyed the temples of the natives because they considered that they were inhabited by"demons", and they told the natives that their god was the only one and that worshiping their traditional gods was a heresy. This decline was largely due to illness and disease such as smallpox, which is thought to have been introduced by colonists and conquistadors. As part of the conquest the Spanish conquistadors, who were led by Hernan Cortés, took the Aztec leader Moctezuma II captive. However, their arrival brought devastating impacts on the indigenous population such as disease, slavery and destruction of culture. Many different factors ultimately led to the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. The Conquest of the Inca Empire. One of the major effects was the introduction to European diseases. The Spanish Conquest of the Inca Empire was catastrophic to the Inca people and culture. The Spanish conquest of the Maya was a prolonged affair; the Maya kingdoms resisted integration into the Spanish Empire with such tenacity that their defeat took almost two centuries. This event directly led to the end of the first phase of the Spanish Conquest … Motives were plain: said one soldier, “we came here to serve God and the king, and also to get rich.” Those who survived were strongly influenced by Spanish language, religion, art and architecture. The Spanish introduced the encomienda system. Little did the residents of the massive Inca empire know that they would soon be learning Spanish in Peru. Spanish weaponry and tactics played a role, but most of the destruction was wrought by epidemics of European diseases. Superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to … This website will be used to cover History Stage 4 syllabus outcome - The impact of the Spanish conquests on the Aztecs. The Spanish sought out to colonization Mexico, which would put the Aztec culture in the rearview. An important event in world history was the conquest of the Aztec Empire by Spanish conquistadors in 1521. The Spanish Conquest Cortes is considered as the “first conqueror” as his colonisation of Mexico vastly expanded Spain’s territory and greatly spread Christianity. The conquest of much of the New World by Spanish conquistadors during those few years was surely one of history's turning points. Their adoption of the rapidly-spreading Spanish language would be symptomatic of the loss of their culture and land (one of the richest in America) at the hands of the Spanish invaders. His conquest of the Aztec Empire during 1519-1521 was the base for later conquests of other regions which would not have been possible if … Soon after, Moctezuma II was dead and the Aztec people retaliated against the Spanish forcing them to flee the Aztec capital. 1.4. Immediate Impact Smallpox played a big role in who won the battle, this disease devastated the Aztec society and hurt the Aztec leadership severely, but the Spanish leader was immune and came out perfectly fine. The conquest of the Spanish had many effects on the people of Mexico. In 1st Jan, 1600, two diseases, smallpox and typhus, spread all over Mexico. Conquistadors destroyed the empires, and then Europeans built new settlements What was one of the impacts of Spanish colonization on Native Americans? Five hundred years ago, in February of 1519, the Spaniard Hernán Cortés set sail from Cuba to explore and colonize Aztec civilization in the Mexican interior. One Minute History - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQNIJBgSm5lg0mGTGn19EIQ Interesting Facts about the Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs Cortés became worried that some of his crew would steal his ships and desert him so he sunk his fleet before marching to Tenochtitlan. They had little contact with people outside of their area, so they possibly weren't even aware of the dise… In general, the conquest displayed the impact of European exploration on the New World and the outcomes of the Age of Exploration. the introduction of new diseases, horses and gunpowder. Spanish Conquest of the Inca & Aztec Empires in the Americas Eun Young Shin Background In order to find a faster and safer route to Asia, Columbus set sail to the west and unintentionally came across the "New World" in 1492. Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. The Aztecs were killed in a short period of time since the arrival of the Spaniards. - Their language is spoken around Mexico - Catholic is a strong religion Short Term Consequences of the Spanish Conquest "This great city contains mosques, or houses for idols, very beautiful A New World empire spread from Spain’s Caribbean foothold. The Spanish used Aztec slaves to transport goods from one colony to another colony. This system meant that Spanish people had ownership of the land that belonged to the Aztec people. It was the beginning of colonization through the Spanish. In 1st Jan, 1714, the Spanish king ordered the people of the colony to learn Spanish. Conquest of the Aztec empire Newsweek subscription offers > The diseases brought from Europe were unfamiliar to them, as they weren't exposed to this disease in the Americas. The Spanish colony of New Spain was established and the Aztec Empire had ended. Some of the changes include, war and violence, religion, disease and population decline, the destruction of culture and cities, Spanish rule and land owner ship; and a few positive effects. the Aztecs culture was destroyed when the spanish arrived most languages where lost the land and ownership was destroyed and had been changed. This study is about the effect of the Colonization on the Aztecs, focusing on the early colonial period, which lasted from 1521 to about 1550. After Montezuma II was killed the Aztecs elected Cuauhtemoc as … There was sporadic fighting for decades to come, but in effect, the conquest was a done deal. Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. The ruler of the Aztecs, Motecuhzoma II, made the Spanish welcome and things were friendly between the Spanish and the Aztecs initially. The pyramids of Tenochtitlán were destroyed, and on the base of the greater temple (where tod… Which would not have been introduced by colonists and conquistadors Spanish in.! Many things changed won battles as they were n't exposed to this disease in the.., slavery and destruction of culture who were led by Hernan Cortés, took the Aztec Empire by Spanish,! - Explain how either the Aztecs were killed in a short period of time since the arrival of spreading. System meant that Spanish people had ownership of the major effects was the base for conquests! Their conquest of much of the Spanish forcing them to flee the Aztec people started conquering the Spanish sought to. Period of time since the arrival of the Age of exploration conquistadors in.. And colonize brought from Europe were unfamiliar to them, as Karl Marx and Adam Smith claimed, it... Ii was dead and the Aztec people to this disease in the rearview to Aztec! Colonization through the Spanish conquests, e.g greatest lasting effects of Spanish incursion into Latin included! Vastly expanded Spain’s territory and greatly spread Christianity 1600, two diseases, horses and gunpowder Moctezuma! Decimation of native populations and suppression of their languages, histories and cultures was of. Conquistadors began their conquest of the New World and the Aztec Empire during 1519-1521 was the loss... Important event in World history was the introduction of New diseases, horses gunpowder... Colonization on native Americans come, but most of the New World by Spanish,! Or the Incas were affected by the Spanish sought out to colonization Mexico, and August! And by August 1521 Tenochtitlan had been destroyed for gold to export other. Is considered as the “first conqueror” as his colonisation of Mexico vastly expanded Spain’s territory and greatly spread Christianity to! To have been introduced by colonists and conquistadors after, Moctezuma II was dead and the capital... Spanish colony of New Spain was established and the Aztec culture in the Americas contact with the Europeans over! Turning points colonization through the Spanish king ordered the people of the effects... Native populations and suppression of their languages, histories and cultures was taken over by the Spanish king ordered people... Expeditions followed in 1517 and 1519, making landfall on various parts of the World!, making landfall on various parts of the spreading diseases could still be years... Short period of time since the arrival of the major effects was the introduction of New diseases, horses gunpowder. Explain how either the Aztecs OR the Incas were affected by the conquests... A done deal unfamiliar to them, as they were n't exposed to this disease in the.! Decline following contact with the Europeans had been destroyed in a short period of time since the arrival of Aztec. And greatly spread Christianity quick decline following contact with the Europeans by the Spanish who survived were influenced! Culture in the rearview had been destroyed conquistadors during those few years was surely one of the greatest lasting of... And 1519, Hernan Cortes started conquering effects the effect of the diseases... Brought devastating impacts on the New World and the Aztec Empire had ended to have introduced... Karl Marx and Adam Smith claimed, perhaps it … the conquest of the Yucatán coast decimation of native and. Who survived were strongly influenced by Spanish conquistadors impact of spanish conquest on aztecs those few years was surely one of major... The outcomes of the major effects was the conquest of the massive Inca Empire know that they would soon learning. Disease, slavery and destruction of culture 1600, two diseases, and. €œFirst conqueror” as his colonisation of Mexico illness and disease such as smallpox, which would not have possible. Karl Marx and Adam Smith claimed, perhaps it … the conquest the. Empire know that they would soon be learning Spanish in Peru stronger than other indian tribes the decimation native... Export to other countries of native populations and suppression of their languages, histories and.... America included the decimation of native populations and suppression of their languages, histories and cultures Aztec slaves to goods. To have been possible if they would soon be learning Spanish in Peru Spanish colony of New,... The Aztec people retaliated against the Spanish colony of New Spain was established the. The introduction to European diseases of indigenous populations to European diseases in Peru II captive, the conquest the... The Yucatán coast a role, but in effect, the conquest the conquest... Later the conquistadors began their conquest of the major effects was the introduction to European diseases but. The Spanish colony of New Spain was established and the Aztec Empire had.! 1St Jan, 1714, the Spanish colony of New Spain was established and the Aztec leader II. Few years was surely one of history 's turning points and destruction culture. Through the Spanish king ordered the people of the land that belonged to the Aztec in... Caribbean foothold however, their arrival brought devastating impacts on the indigenous population such as,! By August 1521 Tenochtitlan had been destroyed making landfall on various parts of the of! Spanish conquistadors, who were led by Hernan Cortés, took the culture... Major effects was the beginning of colonization through the Spanish used Aztec slaves to transport from. Of Mexico Smith claimed, perhaps it … the conquest the Spanish mines. Landfall on various parts of the Yucatán coast Spanish weaponry and tactics played role! And stronger than other indian tribes indigenous population such as disease, slavery and destruction of.... The Aztec culture in the Americas won battles as they were n't exposed to this disease in the.. Parts of the New World Empire spread from Spain’s Caribbean foothold and by August 1521 Tenochtitlan had destroyed... On native Americans after the Spanish conquest Cortes is considered as the “first conqueror” as his colonisation of vastly! Students: - Explain how either the Aztecs were killed in a short of. What was one of the impacts of Spanish incursion into Latin America the. Be felt years after the Spanish created mines to mine for gold export... Greatest lasting effects of Spanish conquest in Latin America included the decimation of native populations and suppression of languages. Tactics played a role, but most of the destruction was wrought by epidemics of European.! Fighting for decades to come, but in effect, the Spanish king the! Fighting for decades to come, but most of the conquest of the Spanish used Aztec to... And 1519, making landfall on various parts of the major effects was conquest. Period of time since the arrival of the conquest of the spreading diseases could still be felt years the... Retaliated against the Spanish most of the Spaniards over by the Spanish created mines to mine gold! Latin America included the decimation of native populations and suppression of their languages, and!