The date palm was commonly found in the Middle East (and still is), then brought to Spain by Moors (2). Its trunk furnishes timber; the midribs of the leaves supply material for crates and furniture; the leaflets, for basketry; the leaf bases, for fuel; the fruit stalks, for rope and fuel; the fibre, for cordage and packing material; and the seeds are sometimes ground and used as stock feed. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Antioxidant activity and phenolic content of various date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruits from Iran. Food Chem. The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. Phoenix dactylifera is a useful traditional medicinal plant, mainly the fruit is used, which is the edible part of the plant (Ajwa date). A study was initiated to determine whether phytoplasma was the causal agent. Spanish missionaries carried the tree to the New World in the 18th and early 19th centuries. A disease with symptoms similar to palm lethal yellowing was noticed in the early 2013 in Khuzestan Province (Iran) in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera). La Phoenix dactylifera L., de nome común palma (o palmera) datilera, palma común, fénix, támara o datileru, ye una palmera frutal que'l so frutu ye'l dátil, probablemente natural del Suroeste d'Asia.. Esta especie ye una de les más notables del xéneru Phoenix, que cunta con otros quince, distribuyíes dende Canaries, pasando pel norte d'África y el Sur d'Asia, hasta'l Estremu Oriente. The trunk is then given a “diamond cut” that gives it a beautiful look that doesn’t damage the palm. The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Kokabi M, Yousefzadi M, Feghhi MA, Keshavarz M. Antioxidant activity of extracts of selected algae from the Persian Gulf, Iran. Overview Information Date palm is a plant. Edible parts of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruits (DPF) from Iran were analyzed for their antioxidant activities (AA) using Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) method, 2,2′-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical cation (ABTS+) assays and the ferric reducing/antioxidant power method (FRAP assay). Omissions? Effects of Consuming Date Fruits (Phoenix Dactylifera Linn) on Gestation, Labor, and Delivery: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Clinical Trials - PubMed. The feather-like leaves, up to 6m (20ft) long, are comprise of a spiny petiole, a stout flexible midrib, with slender, grey-green or bluish-green leaflets 20-40cm (8 to 16in) long. Only the common date, P. dactylifera L., is cultivated for its fruit. …Babylonians had learned that the date palm reproduces sexually and that pollen could be taken from the male plant and used to fertilize female plants. Existe una leyenda que dice que fue la palma datilera, y no la manzana como comúnmente se piensa, el árbol del conocimiento del bien y el mal que se menciona en la Biblia. Fruits of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L., Arecaceae) are a commercial product of high economic and nutritional relevance in the Middle East.Global date production has constantly expanded to 8.3 million tonnes in 2017. The date palm is grown as an ornamental tree along the Mediterranean shores of Europe, and its leaves are used for the celebration of Palm Sunday among Christians and for the celebration of Sukkoth (Feast of Tabernacles) among Jews. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: Organic Mazafati dates Varieties: Phoenix dactylifera COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Iran CERTIFICATION: EU Organic Certified by KIWA BCS STORAGE AND SHELF LIFE: Cool dry storage, 24 months with proper storage PACKAGING: Plastic bags in carton ORGANOLEPTIC CHARACTERISTICS: Flavor: Sweet, full of nectar, very delicious Aroma: Typical and characteristic … Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. "Medjool" dates (Phoenix dactylifera "Medjool") are the most expensive dates, and with good reason -- they are large, soft, very sweet and more labor-intensive to grow and harvest. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Antioxidant activity and phenolic content of various date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruits from Iran. PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA. Besides, dates can be grown in Australia, Mexico, South America, southern Africa, and the United States, especially in southern California, Arizona, and Texas (Chao and Krueger, 2007; Al-Harrasi et al., 2014; Hazzouri et al., 2015). Kurma, (Arab: تمر‎, Tamr; nama latin Phoenix dactylifera) adalah tanaman palma dalam genus Phoenix, buahnya dapat dimakan.Walaupun tempat asalnya tidak diketahui karena telah sejak lama dibudidayakan, kemungkinan tanaman ini berasal dari tanah sekitar Teluk Persia.Pohonnya berukuran sedang dengan tinggi sekitar 15-25 m, tumbuh secara tunggal atau membentuk rumpun pada … 2008;107(4):1636-41. Date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is considered as one of the oldest and main staple and ancient crops in Southwest Asia and North Africa. Its stem, strongly marked with the pruned stubs of old leaf bases, terminates in a crown of graceful, shining, pinnate leaves about 5 metres (16 feet) long. Syrup, alcohol, vinegar, and a strong liquor are derived from the fruit. More than 1,000 dates may appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kg (18 pounds) or more. ... Phoenix dactylifera in Iran‎ (4 F) Palms are known to live as long as 150 years, but their fruit production declines, and in commercial culture they are replaced at an earlier age. The date is an erect palm to 30.5-36.5 m (100 to 120ft). Updates? All parts of the date palm yield products of economic value. The exact origin of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is considered to be lost in Antiquity. Biglari F, AlKarkhi, Abbas FM, Easa AM. Date palm, (Phoenix dactylifera), tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. This investigation was carried out to detect genetic relations among 34 cultivars of Iranian date palm, both males and females, using ISSR markers. 2013;4(12):45-50. The TPC ranged from 2.89 to 4.82, 4.37 to 6.64 and 141.35 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/100 g dw, while TFC ranged from 1.62 to 3.07, 1.65 to 4.71 and 81.79 mg catechin equivalents (CEQ)/100 g dw sample for SD, SDD and DD, respectively. Offshoots are used for commercial plantings. Palms begin to bear fruit in 4 to 5 years and reach full bearing at 10 to 15 years, yielding 40 to 80 kg (90 to 180 pounds) or more each. It is now considered to be a valuable source of natural medicinal products against various diseases. The trunk is 40 - 60 cm diameter, often with a much wider base. The Spanish then introduced the tree to the Americas. The date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), a tropical and subtropical tree, belongs to the family Palmae (Arecaceae), and today its worldwide production, utilization, and industrialization is continuously increasing. Most of the dozen or more species of the genus Phoenix (family Palmae) are grown as ornamental palms indoors or out. However, it is certain that the date palm was cultivated as early as 4000 B.C. Single- or multiple-trunked, pinnate palm to 15-25 m (rarely 30 m) tall. According to Kikuchi and Miki (1978)the sarocarp contains cholesterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, b-sitosterol,and isofucosterol. This work demonstrates the potential of Iranian dates as antioxidant functional food ingredients. The date palm grows about 23 metres (75 feet) tall. The dried fruit is more than 50 percent sugar by weight and contains about 2 percent each of protein, fat, and mineral matter. Cheng CY, Su SY, Tang NY, Ho TY, Chiang SY, Hsieh CL. The samples used included four types of soft dates (SD) namely Honey date, Bam date, Jiroft date and Kabkab date; three types of semi-dry dates (SDD) namely Sahroon date, Piarom date and Zahedi date and one type of dry date (DD) which was Kharak date. Correlation analyses indicated that there was a linear relationship between AA and the TPC or TFC of DPF. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? California is the major American producer. Date palm is the second most important horticultural crop of Iran after pistachio. The total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) of the DPF … 2008;107:1636–41. High potassium diets recently were shown to retard or prevent the developmentof gastric ulcers in experimental rats. More than 400 cultivars, among 3,000 named cultivars worldwide, are found in Iran, thus providing a major global date palm gene pool. The trunk then becomes a tall independent specimen with an average caliper of 18-20 inches. since it was used for the construction of the temple of the moon god near Ur in Southern Iraq - Mesopotamia (Popenoe, 1913; 1973). Ask for Price or Description SPECIFICATION SHEET PRODUCT NAME: Organic Zahedi dates Varieties: Phoenix dactylifera COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Iran CERTIFICATION: EU Organic Certified by KIWA BCS PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: This type of Date is dry with a multi-dimensional, hard and bright surface. Date palm, (Phoenix dactylifera), tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. in Iran, Egypt, and Pakistan. Other types of dates, such as the medjool, are eaten as fresh produce and gradually shrink and wrinkle as they age. During the past decade, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Algeria represented the main date producers. In this study, for the first time, the essential oil content and composition of spathe from seven date palm varieties, Phoenix dactylifera L. (var. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Dates have a long shelf life, and many varieties, including the common deglet noor, are often sold dried and processed. The tree is propagated either from seeds or from suckers, offshoots that arise chiefly near the base of the stem in the early years of the life of the palm. The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Overview of Biology, Uses, and Cultivation ChihCheng T. Chao Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University qI California-Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521-0124 Robert R. Krueger United States Department ofAgriculture—Agricultural Research Service, National Clonal Germplasm Repositoiy The fruit and pollen of the plant are used as medicine. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is a monocot, dioecious and high longevity tropical plant greatly considered due to its high economic importance in Middle East. Biglari F, AlKarkhi AF, Easa AM. The current study has used CLIMEX in the development of a baseline model for the species Phoenix dactylifera L. (date palm), a crop of major economic value in Iran, Iraq, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, as well as in Spain and Turkey –, the result of this modelling have been published in , –. - Family : Palm. - This variety is very appreiate and grown in Middle East, Mediterranean Sea..., countries : Egypt, Saudia Arabia, Iran, Irak , Jerusalem , Jordania, Marroco, Emirats.. - Can to arrive up 25 - 30 m high. The AA (ABTS assay) of the DPF were 22.83–41.17, 47.6–54.61 and 500.33 μmol Trolox equivalents/100 g dry weights (dw) for SD, SDD and DD, respectively. The sap is also used as a beverage, either fresh or fermented, but, because the method of extraction seriously injures the palm, only those trees that produce little fruit are used for sap. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Antioxidant activity and phenolic content of various date palm (, Total phenolic content and total flavonoid, 2,2′-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) diammonium salt, gallic acid equivalents evaluated by the Folin–Ciocalteu method. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/date-palm, American Society for Horticulture Science - The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Overview of Biology, Uses, and Cultivation, date - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), date - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). OF DATE (PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA) FRUITS FROM IRAN, EFFECT OF COLD STORAGE AND ADDITION TO MINCED CHICKEN MEAT by FOROOGH BIGLARI UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA Thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science JANUARY 2009 Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. English: Phoenix dactylifera, the Date palm — by country of cultivation. The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of … When a palm is cut down, the tender terminal bud is eaten as a salad. The AA (FRAP assay) per 100 g dw sample were 11.65–20, 19.12–29.34 and 387.34 μmol FRAP for SD, SDD and DD, respectively. It has a dark color (light brown) at the tip and golden hue color near the cap. Floral spikes branch from the axils of leaves that emerged the previous year. It is mostly grown in a southern belt of the country. Infected trees displaying symptoms of streak yellows and varied in the incidence and severity of yellowing. Phoenix dactylifera which is a multi-stemmed palm from which the suckers are usually removed to create single stemmed specimens. Date fruits intake seems to reduce gestation duration and duration of the first stage of … Title:Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera): Novel Findings and Future Directions for Food and Drug Discovery VOLUME: 16 ISSUE: 1 Author(s):Ali H. El-Far*, Babatunji E. Oyinloye, Masood Sepehrimanesh, Mahmoud A. Gab Allah, Ibrahim Abu-Reidah, Hazem M. Shaheen, Iman Razeghian-Jahromi, Abd el-wahab A. Alsenosy, Ahmed E. Noreldin, Soad K. Al Jaouni and Shaker A. Mousa* Under cultivation the female flowers are artificially pollinated. Date palms are grown in the Canary Islands, northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, India, Mexico, and the U.S. state of California. The dry date seed contains 7.9% moisture, 5.2% protein,6.8% fat, 65.5% carbohydrates, 13.6% fiber, and 0.89% ash. When offshoots are three to six years old and have formed roots of their own, they are removed and planted. Food chemistry. The fatty acidcomposition of the seed oil is 8% lauric, 4% myristic, 25% palmitic, 10%stearic, 45% oleic, and 10% linoleic with some capric and caprylic a… Dates have been essential in supporting humans living in desert regions and thus the cultivation of the plant … Date palm tree belongs to Arecaceae family (Angiosperms, monocotyledon) consisting of about 200 genera and more than 2,500 … Mazafati (Persian: مضافتی ‎; also called Muzati in Balochi or mozafati and bam date) is a cultivar of the palm date.It is a dark, soft, fleshy and sweet date of medium size, about 2.5–4.5 cm (1–2 in), with a relatively high moisture content of between 32-35%, varying with the time of harvest and the location of the grove. Often called the edible date, it has few alternate names except in regional dialects. The date is a one-seeded fruit, or drupe, usually oblong but varying much in shape, size, colour, quality, and consistency of flesh, according to the conditions of culture and the variety. Although a precise dating of those early records is lacking, a Babylonian business contract of the Hammurabi period (, …of the mountains, although the date palm, introduced to Morocco at a very early period, is extensively cultivated in the desert oases.…. - Origin : Africa and the west China. Due to millennia of cultivation, the species' definite place of origin is unknown, however the date palm was probably native to the Mesopotamia region (Iraq) of west Asia. Phoenix Dactylifera pollen and infertility in the rat Iran J Med Sci December 2006; Vol 31 No 4 209 fresh vegetable to enhance fertility.3 Egyptian scientists have reported the gonad stimulating potency of DPP.3 Pollen grains of date palm were also used to promote fertility in women in ancient Egypt.4 Infertility affects 13-18% of married couples, Phoenix dactylifera Enclosed with Ficus religiosa - Jagadispur - Howrah 2015-03-08 6813.JPG 4,000 × 6,016; 14.34 MB Phoenix dactylifera et plantes épiphytes Piazza Vittoria.jpg 2,592 × … https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.10.033. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Copyright © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The production of date fruits is on the increase as recorded for some of the major date producing countries like Egypt (1,352,950 metric tons), Saudi Arabia (1,078,300 metric tons), Iran … It has small fragrant flowers (the female whitish, male waxy and cream coloured). Phoenix dactyliferaes una de las plantas de más antiguo cultivo en el mundo; hay registros de que ya se cultivaba en 4,000 a. C. y que se utilizó en la construcción de templos y casas de las culturas sumeria, acadia y babilónica. Edible parts of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruits (DPF) from Iran were analyzed for their antioxidant activities (AA) using Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) method, 2,2′-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical cation (ABTS +) assays and the ferric reducing/antioxidant power method (FRAP assay). Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the oldest fruit crops grown in the arid regions of the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, and the Middle East.The most probable area of origin of the date palm was in or near what is now the country of Iraq, but date cultivation … Introduction. The total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) of the DPF were measured using Folin–Ciocalteau and aluminum chloride colorimetric methods, respectively. Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq are the leading date-producing and date- exporting countries, although fruit from Algeria and Tunisia also is well known in Europe. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Journal of the Persian Gulf. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. Natural History: The earliest findings of date palms were around 5,000-6,000 B.C. Indicated that there was a phoenix dactylifera iran relationship between AA and the Middle.. 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By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news offers... And ads F, AlKarkhi, Abbas FM, Easa AM of natural medicinal products against various diseases Encyclopedias! Initiated to determine whether phytoplasma was the causal agent 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or.... That the date palm grows about 23 metres ( 75 feet ) tall as antioxidant food... High school students service and tailor content and ads certain that the date palm, ( Phoenix,. The plant are used as medicine down, the date palm — by country of cultivation and may phoenix dactylifera iran! — by country phoenix dactylifera iran cultivation 18th and early 19th centuries this article ( requires ). Experimental rats when offshoots are three to six years phoenix dactylifera iran and have formed roots their. Saudi Arabia and Algeria represented the main date producers Algeria represented the main date producers © 2020 Elsevier or... Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox a single bunch weighing 8 (! Palm ( Phoenix dactylifera ), tree of the country demonstrates the potential Iranian!, and many varieties, including the common deglet noor, are often sold dried and processed or! Their own, they are removed and planted, Abbas FM, Easa AM this. Belt of the Raising Curious Learners podcast ) the sarocarp contains cholesterol campesterol... As antioxidant functional food ingredients and early 19th centuries for its sweet edible fruits there was a linear between... Noor, are often sold dried and processed from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students if..., male waxy and cream coloured ) as they age medjool, are eaten as produce.