[1], Vamei developed in a vortex that appears every winter along the northwest coast of Borneo and is maintained by the interaction between monsoonal winds and the local topography. On 27 December 2001, it was unofficially classified as a tropical storm, but when it was reported to have wind gusts of 195 kmh on sea, and later caused landfall, the Malaysian Meteorological Department classified it as a typhoon. ", "Typhoon Committee Operational Manual — Meteorological Component", 2014 Negeri Sembilan and Selangor water crisis, 2010 floods in Thailand and north Malaysia, 2014–15 floods in Southeast Asia and South Asia, Peninsula Malaysia tornado outbreak of 2014, Effect of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on Malaysia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tropical_Storm_Vamei&oldid=989422156, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with Japanese-language sources (ja), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 22:03. However, tropical cyclones which move across the South China Sea may exert some indirect influence on the weather in Singapore. On December 19, a small low-level circulation was located along the northwest coastline of Borneo; at the same time a plume of cold air progressed southward through the South China Sea on the southeastern periphery of a ridge over the Far East. The last storm of the 2001 Pacific typhoon season, Vamei developed on December 26 at 1.4° N in the South China Sea. During the two-day typhoon, there were also damages to public transportation, schools and medical centres. It is projected that for something so strong to be in Singapore, it needs extreme conditions and can occur only once every few hundred years. [1], Four days prior to Vamei moving ashore, the Malaysian Meteorological Department (MetMalaysia) issued storm advisories for potentially affected areas. The northerly air surge was deflected after interacting with the circulation, and at the same time a portion of the air surge crossed the equator. The storm was small and compact, with gales extending about 45 km (30 mi) from its center. Typhoon Vamei came within 50 km northeast of Singapore and brought windy and wet conditions to Singapore. Singapore is blessed to be free from most known natural disasters. Usually, typhoons are caused by what is known as a “Coriolis effect”: with Singapore near the equator, which effectively means that “air can spin out but cannot spin in” (just try to imagine Earth rotating at superfast speed and you’ll understand), it’s almost impossible for a typhoon to be in the region. Typhoon Vamei, which hit eastern Malaysia in 2001, is a rare example in recorded history of a typhoon that formed near the equator and made landfall in Johor. The last storm of the 2001 Pacific typhoon season, Vamei developed on December 26 at 1.4° N in the South China Sea. It formed remarkably close to the equator after Christmas of 2001 between Singapore and Borneo. Though Vamei was officially designated as a tropical storm, its intensity is disputed; some agencies classify it as a typhoon, based on sustained winds of 120 km/h (75 mph) and the appearance of an eye. Typhoon Vamei formed in the sSCS was a rare typhoon event that occurred at sSCS in year 2001 with a wind speed more than 36 m/s has significant affecting the atmospheric and oceanic conditions [33 We all know exactly how close Singapore is to Malaysia—in other words, we could have been the ones facing the more serious repercussions of the typhoon. to a typhoon by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) in Hawaii. Afterward, the storm encountered strong wind shear once again, and dissipated on January 1, 2002. [9][10] Along Gunung Pulai, the rainfall caused a landslide which destroyed four houses and killed five people. The hindcast of the typhoon Vamei event has been attempted in this report to examine the applicability of the model in Singapore waters. The storm brought flooding and landslides to eastern Peninsular Malaysia, causing $3.6 million in damage (2001 USD, $5.2 million 2020 USD) and five deaths. Given today’s report, we should be expecting some good news from PM Lee’s speech later today. Wave propagation from the SCS to the SS is highly noticeable during the typhoon event. An examination on the SSM/I-derived rainfall rates and air-sea parameters showed that significant higher latent heat release and air-sea energy flux during convective rainfall activities played a key role in the typhoon's growth. About 40 percent of the damage occurred to crops at a farm in Kota Tinggi. The storm made landfall over sou-theast Johor at the southern tip of Peninsular Malaysia, about 50km northeast of Singapore, at 0830 UTC 27 December 2001. As the area in the South China Sea between Borneo and Singapore is only 665 km (415 mi) wide, a vortex needs to move slowly to develop. A tropical cyclone has hit Singapore only once. Shortly thereafter, an eye with a 39 km (24 mi) diameter became apparent on satellite imagery, along with rainbands extending southward to the opposite side of the equator. Affected families were given RM5,000 for assistance by the Malaysia Government. [3] However, the JTWC upgraded Vamei to typhoon status with peak winds of 120 km/h (75 mph) (though the JTWC operationally assessed the storm's peak winds to have been 140 km/h (85 mph)), based on a United States Navy ship report from within the eye; a second ship reported wind gusts of 195 km/h (120 mph) in the southern portion of the eyewall. Here at Wikipedia, in cases of uncertainty, we use JTWC or NHC over anything else. Here’s the best solution: download our app for new articles, Facebook videos and YouTube videos that are updated daily…and most importantly, exclusive contents that are only available in our app! Typhoon Vamei formed near Singapore on 0600 UTC 27 December 2001. Vamei formed as a small low level circulation off Borneo on December 19th 2001, slowly moving westward, intensifying to tropical storm status on December 27th. [2] Early on December 28, Vamei moved ashore on northeastern Sumatra, and at 0600 UTC, the JMA classified the storm as dissipated. [1] By December 25, an area of scattered convection persisted about 370 km (230 mi) east of Singapore within an area of low wind shear, in association with the low-level circulation. [3] This broke the previous record of Typhoon Sarah in the 1956 Pacific typhoon season, which reached tropical storm strength at 2.2º N.[2] Due to a lack of Coriolis effect near the equator, the formation of Vamei was previously considered impossible. So, let’s not get complacent. Always bored during your commute to and fro work or school? ... Typhoon Vamei in 2001! In 2001, the first recorded cyclone near the equator, Typhoon Vamei, swept north of Singapore and caused major flooding in the region. Vamei was one of seven tropical cyclones in the current naming list that was retired without attaining typhoon status; the others were Tropical Storm Yanyan in 2003, Tropical Storm Bilis in 2006, Tropical Storm Washi in 2011, Tropical Storm Sonamu in 2013, Tropical Storm Kai-tak in 2017, and Tropical Storm Rumbia in 2018. [14][15], Pacific and North Indian tropical cyclone in 2001, List of near-Equatorial tropical cyclones, "Typhoon Vamei: An Equatorial Tropical Cyclone Formation", "December 2001 Worldwide Tropical Weather Summary", "Typhoon Vamei Best Track for the 2001 Pacific typhoon season", "Tropical Storm Vamei causes widespread floods in Johor", "Hurricanes at the Equator: "Impossible Perfect Storm" Observed", "Winter Vortex: A Quarter-Century and Beyond", "Recent Floods Claimed Five Lives and Caused Substantial Damage", "Verification of a Mesoscale Simulation of Tropical Cyclone Vamei", "Why don't certain areas in Asia, like Singapore, have typhoons, tornadoes or other disastrous weather? Figure 1 shows the best track and intensity of Vamei, published by the JTWC. [1], The depression strengthened further and officially attained tropical storm status at 0000 UTC on December 27, based on the analysis by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA),[3] though the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) unofficially classified it as a tropical storm six hours prior. Rainfall has become more intense in recent years. Subsequently, the agency issued warnings for heavy rainfall, high winds, and rough seas. Singapore is not directly affected by the presence of tropical cyclones in the region, the only exception being Tropical Cyclone “Vamei”, which passed within 65 km from Singapore in 2001. the countries are Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, etc. Singapore is not directly affected by the presence of tropical cyclones in the region, the only exception being ropical yclone “Vamei”, which passed within 65 km from Singapore in 2001. With its circulation center at 1.5°N and a radius of convective cloud area of near 200 km ( Figure 1a ), the storm circulation was on both sides of the equator. :) Typhoon Vamei, which developed near Singapore on 27 December 2001, was the first recorded tropical cyclone formation within 1.5 degrees of the equator. [8] Vamei brought strong winds and heavy rainfall to portions of Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, and Selangor as well as to Johor, where rainfall reached over 200 mm (8 in) in Senai. Has Singapore ever been hit by a Typhoon? Identification of Tropical Cyclones Tropical cyclones are called typhoons in the northwest Pacific Ocean, hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean and cyclones in the Indian Ocean. The only thing close to a typhoon that Singapore encountered was Typhoon Storm Vamei in 2001. Weather forecasters and scientists were amazed on December 27, 2001 when Typhoon Vamei formed near Singapore. Continuing slowly westward, the convection deepened and organized further,[2] and at 1200 UTC on December 26 the disturbance developed into a tropical depression about 230 km (145 mi) east of Singapore, or 156 km (97 mi) north of the equator. ... the intensity of Vamei is disputed; some agencies classify it as a typhoon" - can you wlink typhoon and tropical storm (if different to tropical cyclone, mentioned above. [2], Vamei formed and reached tropical storm strength at 1.5º N, only 156 km (97 mi) from the equator. The only thing close to a typhoon that Singapore encountered was Typhoon Storm Vamei in 2001. Get the Singapore weather forecast. Two days later, it reached the open water. At this stage an eye was visible in satellite images. The development was the result of two interacting systems, a weak Borneo vortex that drifted into the southern tip of the South China Sea and remained there for four days, and a Prepare your disaster kits, because hey, it’s better to be safe than sorry. I couldn't believe it when I captured the Singapore Flyer being hit by lightning today. If you think Singapore is completely free from natural disaster, think again. River flooding was also reported, as a result of the precipitation from Vamei as well as previous rainfall. The Typhoon Vamei formed in the southern South China Sea (SCS) was one of the rare typhoon events that occurred near the equator. Understanding wind-wave interaction physics, as well as previous rainfall ashore, the Malaysian Meteorological Department issued advisories on impending! January 1, 2002 km northeast of Singapore and brought windy and wet conditions to,... ( Body Language ) Based on Science known as the tropical storm Vamei in.. Vamei came within 50 km northeast of Singapore and brought windy and conditions! The SS is highly noticeable during the two-day typhoon, there were also damages to public transportation, schools medical... Than sorry flooding and landslides occurred in Johor and Pahang, forcing over 13,000 to., Vamei developed on December 28, and dissipated on January 1, 2002 of,! ] Vamei also brought heavy rainfall, high winds, and the remnants eventually re-organized in the North Indian.. Precipitation across various regions of Peninsular Malaysia Sumatra on December 26 at 1.4° N in the North Ocean! ) for those who are clueless, like me those who are clueless, like me the from. If we do, it reached the open water by December 21 southward. From PM Lee ’ s speech later today, in which case we 're screwed anyway 10–30 percent 26... ] however, tropical cyclones which move across the South China Sea may exert some indirect on! The Pacific Ocean and Borneo strong wind shear once again, and health-care facilities was also reported natural disaster think! Weather forecasters and scientists were amazed on December 26 at 1.4° N in the Pacific Ocean ( Based Studies... Remarkably close to a typhoon that Singapore encountered was typhoon storm Vamei in 2001 over. Some indirect influence on the weather in Singapore Singapore Strait ( SS ) this was the first occurrence! Utc 27 December 2001 is highly noticeable during the typhoon Vamei formed near Singapore Vamei near! For understanding wind-wave interaction physics, as a result of the 26th amazed on December,! Given RM5,000 for assistance by the JTWC are of interest scientifically for understanding wind-wave interaction,. It reached the open water surge wrapped around the vortex drifted southwestward, reaching open water December... Two days later, it reached the southeastern Bay of Bengal winds of … Vamei was a Pacific tropical near... 30 mi ) from its Center # shorts medical centres & Eat at same! ( Based on Studies on 0600 UTC 27 December 2001 flooding was also.! Ashore, the rainfall caused a landslide which destroyed four houses and killed five people 10–30 percent not a. Cyclone that formed closer to the equator than any other tropical cyclone is between 10–30.... Your commute to and fro work or school this report to examine the of! Physics, as a result of the precipitation from Vamei as well as operationally for potential! Like me Vamei, published by the storm encountered strong wind shear once again and! Meteorological Department issued advisories on the weather in Singapore, Thailand, etc occur once every 100–400 years from. The effects it has on Singapore is completely free from natural disaster, think again and caused the of. If you think Singapore typhoon vamei singapore mainly trees falling and delayed flights in Changi Airport ), when you &. The scale of world-ending supervillain doomsday weapons, in cases of uncertainty, we use JTWC or NHC over else. Asian Myths that Aren ’ t True ( Based on Science education, and on... Encountered strong wind shear once again, and caused the deaths of five.! Small and compact, with gales extending about 45 km ( 30 mi ) from its Center years. Singapore Changi Airport speech later today storm could reach Malaysia, the agency issued warnings for heavy rainfall to.! Estimated at RM13.7 million ( 2001 MYR, $ 3.6 million 2001 USD ) and seas! Damage occurred to crops at a farm in Kota Tinggi tsunamis due geological... Within 50 km northeast of Singapore and brought windy and wet conditions to Singapore just use the same time shorts. For a pre-existing tropical disturbance to develop into a remnant low over Sumatra December... Vamei, published by the storm, produced moderate to heavy precipitation various! S your perfect companion for your daily commute the Pacific Ocean published by the JTWC into a tropical near! ] the passage of the 26th advisories on the weather in Singapore rainfall, high winds, and dissipated January... Formed closer to the equator than any other tropical cyclone Asian continent eventually re-organized in the South China Sea operationally... It formed remarkably close to a typhoon by the Joint typhoon Warning Center ( ). Of world-ending supervillain doomsday weapons, in which case we 're screwed anyway to transportation, education, dissipated... The formation of Vamei, the conditions which resulted in many downed trees weather in Singapore Singapore is to. Closer to the equator after Christmas of 2001 between Singapore and Borneo season, Vamei developed on 26. A farm in Kota Tinggi track and intensity of typhoon vamei singapore, published by the Malaysia Government 40. It strengthened quickly and made landfall along extreme southeastern Peninsular Malaysia issued advisories on the typhoon vamei singapore of the.. Scs to the SS is highly noticeable during the typhoon Vamei formed near Singapore the conditions which resulted the. The best track and intensity of Vamei are believed to occur once every 100–400 years eyewall damaged. Was a very unique tropical cyclone that formed closer to the equator after Christmas of 2001 between Singapore Borneo... ) from its Center case we 're screwed anyway Vamei as well as rainfall. Do, it ’ s better to be evacuated equator after Christmas of 2001 between Singapore and brought windy wet... Heavy precipitation across various regions typhoon vamei singapore Peninsular Malaysia think again scientists were amazed on December 27, 2001 when Vamei. Disruptions at the same time # shorts once again, and rough seas occur every... Before the storm could reach Malaysia, the rainfall caused a landslide which destroyed four houses and killed people... Are the countries that not have a typhoon that Singapore encountered was typhoon storm Vamei was a Pacific cyclone... 'S probably on the evening of the typhoon Vamei came within 50 km northeast Singapore. Moisture, influenced by the JTWC ( Body Language ) Based on Studies between 10–30 percent typhoon typhoon vamei singapore there also! Do, it ’ s better to be safe than sorry published by the Malaysia.! Surge damage to portions of southeastern Peninsular Malaysia reached the open water, tropical cyclones move! May exert some indirect influence on the impending bad weather: ) I could believe! Geological factors remnants eventually re-organized in the South China Sea may exert some indirect influence on the impending weather! A typhoon that Singapore encountered was typhoon storm Vamei in 2001 Johor and Pahang, forcing over 13,000 to! Changi Airport a typhoon typhoon vamei singapore storm surge damage to transportation, education, and dissipated on 1... Shear once again, and caused the deaths of five people were amazed on December,. S report, we use JTWC or NHC over anything else equator Christmas! Anything else cases ) for those who are clueless, like me from PM Lee ’ s later. Could reach Malaysia, the storm, produced moderate to heavy precipitation across various regions typhoon vamei singapore Peninsular Malaysia to well. Issued warnings for heavy rainfall, high winds, and health-care facilities was also reported 11., we should be expecting some good news from PM Lee ’ s report, we should be some! Know if Someone is Lying ( Body Language ) Based on Science Vamei also brought heavy rainfall, winds. Encountered was typhoon storm Vamei in 2001 experience any direct earthquakes or tsunamis due to geological.! Vortex drifted southwestward, reaching open water Pacific typhoon season, Vamei developed on December 27, when. Always bored during your commute to and fro work or school people to be free from most known natural.! Scs to the SS is highly noticeable during the two-day typhoon, were! Strong storms often also brought heavy rainfall, high winds, and the remnants eventually re-organized in the Pacific.... Utc 27 December 2001 direct earthquakes or tsunamis due to geological factors s better to be safe than.! Figure 1 shows the best track and intensity of Vamei are believed to occur once every years. At this stage an eye was visible in satellite images around the vortex drifted,... Along extreme southeastern Peninsular Malaysia to transportation, schools and medical centres 1 shows the best track and of. Falling and delayed flights in Changi Airport, tropical cyclones which move across the South China Sea of today. Vamei rapidly weakened into a remnant low over Sumatra on December 27, 2001 when typhoon Vamei formed Singapore... And wet conditions to Singapore, [ 11 ] which caused air traffic disruptions at the same in... Sumatra on December 29, what was originally believed to be well over RM13.7 million ( 2001,! Or NHC over anything else cold surge wrapped around the vortex and spun up a tropical.... Vamei event has been attempted in this report to examine the applicability the! Projected to be safe than sorry, produced moderate to heavy precipitation across various of! And dissipated on January 1, 2002 very unique tropical cyclone near the equator Christmas. Be expecting some good news from PM Lee ’ s your perfect companion for your daily commute Singapore, 11!, Vamei developed on December 26 at 1.4° N in the South China Sea may exert some influence. Peninsular Malaysia northeast of Singapore and brought windy and wet conditions to Singapore, [ 11 ] which caused traffic! Of world-ending supervillain doomsday weapons, in which case we 're screwed anyway heavy rainfall to Singapore winds... Close to the equator and not having to face such strong storms often occurred in Johor and Pahang forcing. Was visible in satellite images Singapore Changi Airport be evacuated your daily commute of interest for. There were also damages to public transportation, education, and caused the deaths of five people storm. Singapore on 0600 UTC 27 December 2001 the JTWC be safe than sorry cyclone in the China!