Limit your summary to approximately one-fourth the length of the original text, recommends Washington State University. They suggest that this finding could have implications for reducing healthcare costs, considering the high annual costs of prescription medication and the inexpensiveness of apples. What is the overall answer to the research question? When summarizing as part of a larger text, it’s essential to properly cite the source of the summary. How can I summarize a source without plagiarizing? Quotation: uses the exact words of the writer and puts them in quotation marks. The study used publicly available cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. For example, in a literature review or research paper, you may want to briefly summarize this study as part of a wider discussion of various sources. To give an overview of other researchers’ work in a. æ?mò%ËÕ&ÿnr0r|ÑùHüáþ6…$§Ñ"™ß_}Ïoc°pt”E`úŒD‰x„n¼Úâo¸ŒnÔ¥yz:_‚H]ÄËM8ʗ¦ó4Ê/æñ4ÿØN–K0-Är¸J³. Your goal is to extract the essential points, leaving out anything that can be considered background information or supplementary detail. 1. (2015) set out to empirically test the popular saying “an apple a day keeps the doctor away.” Apples are often used to represent a healthy lifestyle, and research has shown their nutritional properties could be beneficial for various aspects of health. It explains the need for change in discrete product sales and other technical concepts very well backed by secondary research. Other types of articles may not be explicitly divided into sections. An academic paper doesn't have to be boring. This example does not imply a summary as a critical part of your paper. Instructor’s name Time/Day the class meets Class and Section Your Name Please read all of these boxes to make sure you are following instructions. To avoid plagiarism when summarizing an article or other source, follow these two rules: Thanks for reading! There may be different events happening, so you need to make sure what the text is talking about. Not identifying the main topic. You always write a summary in your own words. Sometimes, it can be too hard to summarize a particular original text especially if there are so many points that you want to include. In this case, the information on how to start a summary covers an introductory paragraph, which consists of two subsections: general details and article-specific information. If anything is still unclear, or if you didn’t find what you were looking for here, leave a comment and we’ll see if we can help. It's probably the night before your paper is due and you just want to be done. Summary. A literature can be an end in itself (an analysis of what is known about a topic) or a prologue to and rationale for engaging in primary research. To write a summary, you first of all need to finish the report. A summ… For paper 3 practice: Choose words and phrases and explain how the writer creates effects through these descriptions. As Merriam-Webster dictionary defines it, a summary is “a brief statement that gives the most important information about something”. The phrasing is not too similar to any sentences in the original. Danielle Wilson . Adolescence brings a peak in stability at over, physiologically. However, the authors also note several limitations of the study: most importantly, that apple eaters are likely to differ from non-apple eaters in ways that may have confounded the results (for example, apple eaters may be more likely to be health-conscious). Although apple eaters were slightly more likely to have avoided physician visits, this relationship was not statistically significant after adjusting for various relevant factors. Summary writing is a skill that all researchers need to master. The beginning of the summaries is an essential section. To establish any causal relationship between apple consumption and avoidance of medication, they recommend experimental research. Use key terms and snippets from the highlighted paragraphs. by Published on For each paragraph, underline the main idea sentence (topic sentence). APA Citation Generator MLA Citation Generator. (2015) set out to empirically test the popular saying “an apple a day keeps the doctor away.” Apples are often used to represent a healthy lifestyle, and research has shown their nutritional properties could be beneficial for various aspects of health. L—q‘°ä5›bø’!úúQ¿ûX¿Ü¢ýñ&ËÓÅUt]LS|ÁßY If you want to make a review that you can, later on, read again and remind yourself of the content of the article, you may want to make your summary a slighter longer one. Below, we summarize this article, which scientifically investigates the old saying “an apple a day keeps the doctor away.”, Example of a full article summary Davis et al. To write a successful summary of newspaper articles, you need to be sure you’ve understood the text. The study used publicly available cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The goal is to show your teacher that you have a well-rounded grasp of the material and can succinctly describe the main points. But it’s often appropriate to summarize a whole article or chapter if it is especially relevant to your own research, or to provide an overview of a source before you analyze or critique it. Even if the paper mentions different situations, you need to be able to locate the global idea. What are the implications of the results? To establish any causal relationship between apple consumption and avoidance of medication, they recommend experimental research. An executive summary is a thorough overview of a research report or other type of document that synthesizes key points for its readers, saving them time and preparing them to understand the study's overall content. It is apparent that a research summary is a condensed version of the main idea of your research paper. You’ve accurately represented the author’s work, You haven’t missed any essential information. Hope you found this article helpful. Using national survey data, Davis et al. In this case, we can boil our summary down even further to include only the most relevant information. Writing the Summary Essay: A summary essay should be organized so that others can understand the source or evaluate your comprehension of it. Title – “The probability of an … The data was statistically analyzed to test whether there was an association between apple consumption and several dependent variables: physician visits, hospital stays, use of mental health services, and use of prescription medication. The format can be a bullet-point list or it can contain more graphics. Revise it until it flows smoothly. Keep in mind that you are to write a summary and not a reflection paper of what you have just so it is just right that you have to write a summary in a concise manner. Your document should quickly summarize: the problem, your idea, and the benefits of your solution. Begin to write your summary in a clear, concise manner. How does the author explain these results? In this case, pay particular attention to the thesis statement—the central claim that the author wants us to accept, which usually appears in the introduction—and the topic sentences that signal the main idea of each paragraph. 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