PRIOR YEAR DATA: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 … Previously only Spanish, Aymara, and Quechua were official languages of the country. The oldest Protestant Christianities include Lutheranism, Calvinism (Presbyterians), and Anglican Christianity (Episcopalians), which have established liturgies, governing structure, and formal clergy. Figures may not add exactly due to rounding. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment. [5], Some smaller churches in the evangelical Christian community have refused to register with the government, citing concerns for their privacy. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. PRIOR YEAR DATA: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 … The Druze have a key presence in Syria, Lebanon, and Israel. 2005 Report on International Religious Freedom. [8] The first Baháʼí Local Spiritual Assembly, the local administrative unit of the religion, was elected in La Paz in 1945. Respect for the kamis in nature is a key Shinto value. During the colonial era, most of the clergymen were of European origin. A plethora of religious orders – Franciscans, Mercedarians, Dominicans, and Jesuitswere the most prominent – joined diocesan priests in the colonial ministry. Source: CIA World Factbook - This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020, Roman Catholic 76.8%, Evangelical and Pentecostal 8.1%, Protestant 7.9%, other 1.7%, none 5.5%. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Taoism encourages a principle of non-force, or wu-wei, as the means to live harmoniously with the Tao. Pope Julius III created the La Plata bishopric in 1552; this was followed by those of La Paz and Santa Cruz early in the seventeenth century. Employment Rate in Bolivia averaged 64.78 percent from 1999 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 71.10 percent in the third quarter of 2019 and a record low of 59.40 percent in the fourth quarter of 2000. Recently, Bolivia has experienced a renewed interest in art and several galleries and museums have been established. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. International Religious Freedom Report 2017 § Bolivia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Bolivia&oldid=991601219, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Pentecostal, Non-Catholic Charismatic, Lutherans, Methodists, others. Shamanistic beliefs are organized around a shaman or medicine man who - as an intermediary between the human and spirit world - is believed to be able to heal the sick (by healing their souls), communicate with the spirit world, and help souls into the afterlife through the practice of entering a trance. Adherents are required to evangelize and to follow a strict moral code. The population of Bolivia in 2012 had reached 10 million for the first time in history. Bolivian Geography & Culture Nicknamed the Tibet of the Americas, landlocked Bolivia is the highest and most isolated country in the Americas. Zoroastrianism - Originating from the teachings of Zoroaster in about the 9th or 10th century B.C., Zoroastrianism may be the oldest continuing creedal religion. Based on Latinobarómetro. The natura… Judaism - One of the first known monotheistic religions, likely dating to between 2000-1500 B.C., Judaism is the native faith of the Jewish people, based upon the belief in a covenant of responsibility between a sole omnipotent creator God and Abraham, the patriarch of Judaism's Hebrew Bible, or Tanakh. Bolivia - Religions Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion and the constitution recognizes it as the official religion. This number is divided by the country's total population to derive the religion's percentage. U.S. Because of the church's weak rural presence, the vast majority of Indians followed their own brand of folk-Catholicism far removed from orthodoxy. About 0.26% of the people of Bolivia are Buddhists. Pagan is a blanket term used to describe many unconnected belief practices throughout history, usually in reference to religions outside of the Abrahamic category (monotheistic faiths like Judaism, Christianity, and Islam). For the first time in Bolivian history, indigenous people could hold their heads high and participate as equals in politics. Bolivia has two main religions Roman Catholic and Protestant, 95% of Bolivians are Roman Catholic and 5% of the Bolivians Protestant. Bolivia - Religions Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion and the constitution recognizes it as the official religion. Bolivia ranked 16 places from the bottom for secondary education, duration > years amongst Landlocked countries in 2012. It is supranational, and recognizes a hierarchical structure with the Pope, or Bishop of Rome, as its head, located at the Vatican. The coastal strip is predominantly desert, but contains Peru's major cities and its best highway, the Carratera Panamericana. Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. As such, the Roman Catholic Church receives support from the State and exercises a certain degree of political influence through the Bolivian Bishops' Conference. Yet indigenous communities have nevertheless struggled historically to secure equality. Popular Religions for Bolivia, NC . Traditional beliefs     Animism: the belief that non-human entities contain souls or spirits. In 1986 the Roman Catholic Church was organized into four archdioceses (La Paz, Santa Cruz, Cochabamba, and Sucre), four dioceses, two territorial prelatures and six apostolic vicariates. Protestant Christianity: Protestant Christianity originated in the 16th century as an attempt to reform Roman Catholicism's practices, dogma, and theology. Of course, there are times when religion, like politics, should be avoided or treated cautiously as a topic of conversation. Inuit beliefs are a form of shamanism (see below) based on animistic principles of the Inuit or Eskimo peoples. Religion affiliation in Bolivia as of 2018. Introduction History Geography Government Maps Leaders Population Flags Religion Economy Climate Energy Weather Data Military Communicatns Intl. In the past Roman Catholicism was recognized as the state religion however that changed and Bolivia is now a secular state. This religious belief was introduced in Chile by Franciscan and Dominican priests who accompanied colonialists from Spain back in the 16th century. The demographic characteristics of the population of Bolivia are known through censuses, with the first in 1826 and the most recent being in 2012. In 1826 President Antonio José de Sucre Alcalá (1825–28) took control over the collection of church tithes, closed all monasteries with fewer than twelve persons, and seized church lands. showed 12% of respondents answering "No". Badimo: a form of ancestor worship of the Tswana people of Botswana. Variants    Ismaili faith: A sect of Shia Islam, its adherents are also known as "Seveners," because they believe that the rightful seventh Imam in Islamic leadership was Isma'il, the elder son of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq. Preface, Acknowledgements, Introduction, and Executive Summary Preface Acknowledgements Introduction Executive Summary Africa Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Cote d'Ivoire Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Eritrea … Christianity is the predominant religion in Bolivia, with Roman Catholics making up 76% of the population, and Protestants make up 17%. Shintoism - A native animist tradition of Japan, Shinto practice is based upon the premise that every being and object has its own spirit or kami. As such, the Roman Catholic Church receives support from the State and exercises a certain degree of political influence through the Bolivian Bishops' Conference. Issues Transportation Ranks P h o t o s. Read articles about travel to Bolivia. Many of the supernaturals were linked to a specific place, such as lake and mountain spirits. Divine revelation of principles and prohibitions in the Hebrew Scriptures form the basis of Jewish law, or halakhah, which is a key component of the faith. Established in 1973 as a research arm of the episcopate, the commission quickly became active in defending the rights of political prisoners of the military government led by Colonel Hugo Banzer Suárez. Fertility in Bolivia. It is primarily a form of polytheistic shamanism, but includes elements of animism and ancestor worship. Another 3.1% of the population reports practicing an indigenous religion and just over 4% report practicing either the Baha'i faith or are Agnostic. Religious organizations not only owned extensive tracts of land but also served as quasi-official moneylenders to the landed elite and high-ranking officeholders. A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. Bolivia has some of the highest levels of poverty in South America, and it also stands out as one of the most culturally diverse countries in the region with one of the highest percentages of indigenous people in Latin America – over 40 per cent of the population. Eastern-Rite Churches, such as the Maronite Church and the Ukrainian Catholic Church, are in communion with Rome although they preserve their own worship traditions and their immediate hierarchy consists of clergy within their own rite. Further changes occurred in the twentieth century. Religion tends to be a female dominated activity in terms of attending church. Catholics believe the Pope is the divinely ordered head of the Church from a direct spiritual legacy of Jesus' apostle Peter. Christianity is one of the three monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, along with Islam and Judaism, which traces its spiritual lineage to Abraham of the Hebrew Scriptures. The key ethical tenets of Zoroastrianism expressed in its scripture, the Avesta, are based on a dualistic worldview where one may prevent chaos if one chooses to serve God and exercises good thoughts, good words, and good deeds. Islam also has an active mystical branch, Sufism, with various Sunni and Shia subsets. Alawi faith: Another Shia sect of Islam, the name reflects followers' devotion to the religious authority of Ali. Kimbanguist: a puritan form of the Baptist denomination founded by Simon Kimbangu in the 1920s in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. Mormons have a hierarchical religious leadership structure, and actively proselytize their faith; they are located primarily in the Americas and in a number of other Western countries. Ecuador and Paraguay show losses due to inequality of 19.9 percent and 24.7 percent respectively. Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews expensive ceremonies and temples and relocates the primary practices into the home. Bolivia's population is 89 percent Christian, and 76 percent Catholic. Catholicism is comprised of 23 particular Churches, or Rites - one Western (Roman or Latin-Rite) and 22 Eastern. Muslims believe Muhammad is the final of all religious prophets (beginning with Abraham) and that the Qu'ran, which is the Islamic scripture, was revealed to him by God. [15] A later survey, from February 2010, published in the newspaper La Prensa, but performed only in the capitals of El Alto, La Paz, Cochabamba and Santa Cruz, showed 5% of respondents professing to have no religion.[16]. Since the early 1950s there are Mennonites in Bolivia, mainly in Santa Cruz Department. The bishops had at their disposal approximately 750 priests, most of whom were foreigners. It recognizes the Abu Bakr as the first caliph after Muhammad. Confucianism: an ideology that humans are perfectible through self-cultivation and self-creation; developed from teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. A Sunni Muslim may elect to follow any one of these schools, as all are considered equally valid. Orthodox churches are highly nationalist and ethnic. A 2007 Gallup poll asking "Is religion important in your life?" The constitution calls for a separation of church and state, and the people of Bolivia have religious freedom. This is followed by Quechua, an indigenous language that is spoken by 21.2% of the population as a native language. The Catholic Church has a comprehensive theological and moral doctrine specified for believers in its catechism, which makes it unique among most forms of Christianity. The goal of religious life is to learn to act so as to finally achieve liberation (moksha) of one's soul, escaping the rebirth cycle. Shinto practitioners worship several particular kamis, including the kamis of nature, and families often have shrines to their ancestors' kamis. U.S. [14] The 2008 survey done by the Americas Barometer had 3.3% of participants indicating "no religion". Santeria: practiced in Cuba, the merging of the Yoruba religion of Nigeria with Roman Catholicism and native Indian traditions. Despite these significant figures, most of these people don't practice regularly. Populations of less than 1,000 are shown as . In order to live an Islamic life, believers must follow the five pillars, or tenets, of Islam, which are the testimony of faith (shahada), daily prayer (salah), giving alms (zakah), fasting during Ramadan (sawm), and the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj). Major Religions: Religion percentages are derived from summing Joshua Project's data for all people groups who live in each country. Bolivia population density is 10.5 people per square kilometer (27.1/mi 2) as of December 2020. Last updated: 2020-11-17 12:26 UTC. While these groups have been unable to open bank accounts or hold property, the state has not otherwise interfered with their religious practice. Attending religious sessions are not mandatory for students. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. 95%, with syncretism in indigenous communities. Confucianism has strongly influenced the culture and beliefs of East Asian countries, including China, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Prior to the spread of Islam, Zoroastrianism dominated greater Iran. By 1650, most of the locals in the central and northern areas of the country had been converted to Catholicism. All figures are live mid-market rates, which are not available to consumers and are for informational purposes only. Ismailis are located in various parts of the world, particularly South Asia and the Levant. Many priests, brothers, and sisters took a more direct political stance. By the end of the colonial era, a combination of money lending and shrewd real estate investments had made the church the dominant financial power in Bolivia. The earth mother, Pachamama, and fertility rituals played a prominent role. [9] Since 1956 indigenous people have joined the religion, and it has spread widely among them. The Baháʼí Faith in Bolivia begins with references to the country in Baháʼí literature as early as 1916. Bolivia Religion, Economy and Politics. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Bolivia divided by total area of the country. The church hierarchy's caution was evident in its handling of the Bolivian Justice and Peace Commission. This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/. Religion in Bolivia Last updated December 26, 2019. According to the 2011 census, 59% of the population is between 15 and 59 years old, 39% is less than 15 years old. The paucity of priests significantly hampered church activities. Atheism: the belief that there are no deities of any kind. The most widely practiced Christian denomination is Catholicism. Photos, statistics and additional rankings of Bolivia. 1 USD = 6.89049 BOB. The relationship between church and state was mutual and intimate; each institution had great influence on the other's affairs. So, what happened? Religion affiliation in Bolivia as of 2018, based on Latinobarómetro. Ismaili tradition awaits the return of the seventh Imam as the Mahdi, or Islamic messianic figure. Although the CEB recognized that the economic crisis of the early and mid-1980s required strong measures, it publicly questioned the wisdom of the stabilization policies adopted in 1985 by President Víctor Paz Estenssoro. Over 80% of Bolivians profess to be Catholic. In addition, the colonial church was an extremely wealthy institution. Although only one-third of Bolivia’s territory lies in the Andes Mountains, most of the nation’s largest cities are located there, and for centuries the highlands have attracted the nation’s largest amount of mining, commercial, and business investment. The Book of Mormon maintains there was an appearance of Jesus in the New World following the Christian account of his resurrection, and that the Americas are uniquely blessed continents. Haitian and Louisiana Voodoo, which have included more Catholic practices, are separate from West African Vodun, which has retained a focus on spirit worship.Non-religious     Agnosticism: the belief that most things are unknowable. Bolivia ranked #8 for primary education, duration > years amongst Catholic countries in 2012. Taoists believe the esoteric world is made up of a perfect harmonious balance and nature, while in the manifest world - particularly in the body - balance is distorted. At the same time, however, the new Bolivian government quickly asserted its primacy over the church. [5], Religious organizations are required to register with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, with the exception of the Catholic Church, whose registration is waived due to an agreement between the Bolivian government and the Holy See. Hinduism - Originating in the Vedic civilization of India (second and first millennium B.C. In 1988 the government stated that numerous religious groups were operating in Bolivia illegally, but its attempt to expel some foreign members of the Hare Krishna movement in 1986 was overturned by the Supreme Court of Justice. 1 BOB = 0.145128 USD. Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. Bolivia's population is 89 percent Christian, and 76 percent Catholic. Spiritualism: the belief that souls and spirits communicate with the living usually through intermediaries called mediums.Syncretic (fusion of diverse religious beliefs and practices)     Cao Dai: a nationalistic Vietnamese sect, officially established in 1926, that draws practices and precepts from Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and Catholicism. Its sacred texts include the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament (or the Christian Gospels). In the past Roman Catholicism was recognized as the state religion however that changed and Bolivia is now a secular state. It was not until the 1960’s that the separation of church and state actually occur… See how Bolivia ranks in US News Best Countries. Bolivia Religion, Economy and Politics. Modern Judaism has three basic categories of faith: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform/Liberal. Bolivian art covers a variety of mediums ranging from paintings to sculptures and everything in between. 5% (growing); mostly Evangelical or Methodist. In 1961 the government relinquished its right under the patronato nacional (the successor to the patronato real) to mediate in church affairs. Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. Religions: Roman Catholic 76.8%, Evangelical and Pentecostal 8.1%, Protestant 7.9%, other 1.7%, none 5.5% (2012 est.) Roughly 95 percent of Bolivians professed Roman Catholicism; nonetheless, a much smaller portion participated actively. According to a 2001 survey, about 78% of the population are Roman Catholic. Jehovah's Witnesses structure their faith on the Christian Bible, but their rejection of the Trinity is distinct from mainstream Christianity. Bolivia suffered nearly 65,000 deaths and lost the Chaco region. They believe that a Kingdom of God, the Theocracy, will emerge following Armageddon and usher in a new earthly society. The patronato real (an agreement between the Catholic Church and the Spanish crown) gave the Spanish throne and, by extension, the colonial authorities significant powers in church affairs. Roman Catholicism in Bolivia has its roots in the time when the Spanish conquered Latin America. Many Indians, particularly in the cities, market towns, and new colonies, speak or understand Spanish. Photos, statistics and additional rankings of Bolivia. Shintoism has no fixed tradition of prayers or prescribed dogma, but is characterized by individual ritual. Protestant approx. Islam derives from the word submission, and obedience to God is a primary theme in this religion. Kirant: the belief system of the Kirat, a people who live mainly in the Himalayas of Nepal. Government Spending in Bolivia increased to 1366738.90 BOB Thousand in the second quarter of 2020 from 1291189.70 BOB Thousand in the first quarter of 2020. No longer could the government have a voice in conciliar decrees, briefs, or bulls that the pope issued or play a role in the selection of high-ranking church officials. [4], The constitution of Bolivia establishes the freedom of religion and a separation between church and state. Religions: Roman Catholic 76.8%, Evangelical and Pentecostal 8.1%, Protestant 7.9%, other 1.7%, none 5.5% (2012 est.) The Orthodox Christian faith shares many theological tenets with the Roman Catholic Church, but diverges on some key premises and does not recognize the governing authority of the Pope. Men felt no obligation to attend church or to practice their religion. While there are extensive traditions of Jewish halakhic and theological discourse, there is no final dogmatic authority in the tradition. Share. Jainism - Originating in India, Jain spiritual philosophy believes in an eternal human soul, the eternal universe, and a principle of "the own nature of things." Christianity is the largest religion in Bolivia, with Roman Catholicism being the largest denomination. The few mestizos who joined the ranks were usually admitted as lay brothers rather than priests. Demographic profile: Bolivia ranks at or near the bottom among Latin American countries in several areas of health and development, including poverty, education, fertility, malnutrition, mortality, and life expectancy. In general, Peruvians are happy to accept the religious beliefs of others, as well as agnostic and atheistic points of view. [11] By 1963 there were hundreds of local assemblies. BOB Bolivian Bolíviano. Freedom of religion is authorized by the Bolivian constitution. [5], Both private and public schools have the option to include religious studies in their curricula. Sikhs follow the teachings of Nanak and nine subsequent gurus. For example, the archdiocese of Sucre only had sixty-two priests to attend to the needs of an estimated 532,000 Catholics dispersed over 50,000 square kilometers. Catholicism is often mixed with other folkloric beliefs that come from Incan and pre-Incan civilizations. Independence in 1825 brought some changes to Bolivian church-state relations, though the Roman Catholic Church retained its status as the nation's sole religion. The church's organization, personnel, and role in society were all defined early in the colonial era. Its key beliefs center on a transcendent creator God, Ahura Mazda, and the concept of free will. 1,000.. A plethora of religious orders – Franciscans, Mercedarians, Dominicans, and Jesuits were the most prominent – joined diocesan priests in the colonial ministry. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. Today, though a minority, Zoroastrians remain primarily in Iran, India (where they are known as Parsi), and Pakistan. The constitution calls for a separation of church and state, and the people of Bolivia have religious freedom. The reconstituted commission operated under tighter episcopal controls than did its predecessor. This section needs additional citations for verification. Despite these significant figures, most of these people don't practice regularly. The Constitution of 1967 grants official status to the Roman Catholic Church but also guarantees the public exercise of all other religions. [7] The first Baháʼí to arrive in Bolivia was in 1940 through the arrival of coordinated pioneers, people who chose to move for the growth of the religion, from the United States. ( see below ) based on animistic principles of the locals in rural. Bolivian joined the religion 's percentage a strict moral code principle of,. 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