1942 - Thailand declares war on Britain and US, but Thai ambassador in Washington refuses to deliver declaration to US government. Currently, according to the interim Constitution of Thailand imposed by NCPO, there is no House of Representatives. Legislative power is vested in the National Legislative Council, appointed by the NCPO. The traditional "Thai" laws are the product of Hindu-Brahmin laws used by the Khmer Empire. Police are also seeing to lay charges of violating the computer crimes act; violations of the disease control law; and advertising using loudspeakers in … Both houses of the national assembly meet at the Sappaya-Sapasathan. The last general election for the house was in 2007. [citation needed]. [พระนคร: โรงพิมพ์สหการพานิช], 2490. There are no verbatim transcripts kept by the trial court. While almost every government since 1932 has accepted constitutional authority, the country has had 17 constitutions, the most recent drafted in 2007. Note: The list includes leaders of military juntas and acting prime ministers. The country emerged as a modern nation state after the foundation of the Chakri Dynasty and the city of Bangkok in 1782. The 2007 Constitution (drafted by a military-appointed council, but approved by a referendum) was annulled by the 2014 coup-makers who run the country as a military dictatorship. The house has the power to remove both the prime minister and cabinet ministers through a vote of no confidence. The heir presumptive to the throne is Prince Dipangkorn Rasmijoti, although it is up to the king's discretion whether Prince Dipangkorn will be named Crown Prince in the future. The monarch's official home is the Grand Palace, however the present king lives primarily in the Chitralada Palace in Bangkok. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 11:23. The prime minister's official residence is Phitsanulok Mansion, a mansion in the Dusit district of Bangkok. He must also gain their approval through a resolution before an official appointment by the king can take place. Thailand is currently ruled by King Vajiralongkorn (or Rama X), who has been in power since October 2016. This system is called the "mixed member majoritarian" in which a voter has two votes, one for the constituency MP, and the other for a party in the voter's electoral area. Abhisit Vejjajiva, born (3 August 1964) is the incumbent Prime Minister of Thailand. The house is a partisan chamber with seven political parties. The Senate sits for a set six year non-renewable term. The post has existed since the Revolution of 1932, when the country became a constitutional monarchy. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Information and Communication Technology Ministry, Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council, Independent agencies of the Thai government, "Thailand elections: What could happen next? The premier is the head of the major party in the House of Representatives. The Government of Thailand, or formally the Royal Thai Government (Abrv: RTG; Thai: รัฐบาลไทย, RTGS: Ratthaban Thai, pronounced [rát.tʰā.bāːn tʰāj]), is the unitary government of the Kingdom of Thailand. Members of the cabinet do not necessarily need to be members of the lower house as in other countries, but most often are. Under the newly established constitutional monarchy, the first prime minister of Siam was Phraya Manopakorn Nititada. The prime minister, head of the executive branch, is also the leader of the Cabinet of Thailand. [2], King Vajiralongkorn (or Rama X) of Thailand has reigned since the death of his father Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) on 13 October 2016; exercising limited rule since 1 December 2016 . The court's main jurisdiction is to settle litigation between the state or an organ of state (government ministries, departments and independent agencies) and private citizens. The Thai government has arrested two more student protest leaders of the latest pro-democracy movement on Wednesday. The arrest of two leaders of Thai anti-government protests, Anon Nampa, 35, and Panupong Jaadnok, 23, has triggered chaos among their pro-democracy support base, claiming that the officials are being […] Its many problems have raised the issue of moving the nation's capital elsewhere, especially given the example of Indonesia's plans to move its capital from Jakarta. The Prime Minister of Thailand (literally "chief minister of state") is the head of government of the Kingdom of Thailand. Seventy-six members are elected, one per province from 75 provinces of Thailand (Bueng Kan does not have an elected senator yet) and one from the Bangkok Metropolitan Area. The idea is not new: two decades ago, the Thaksin Shinawatra administration assigned the Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC), to formulate a plan to move the capital to Nakhon Nayok. "†" indicate acting or caretaker officeholders. Vejjajiva, was formally endorsed by King Bhumibol Adulyadej as Prime Minister on 17 December 2008.Abhisit was born in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England to a family of Thai physicians. The country emerged as a modern nation state after the foundation of the Chakri Dynasty and the city of Bangkok in 1782. The legislative branch took its current form in 2007. The house is led by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, who is also the President of the National Assembly. Thailand is a constitutional monarchy with the monarch as the head of state. (Reuters) - Thailand banned demonstrations and arrested at least three protest leaders on Thursday after an escalation in more than three months of anti-government rallies. From May 2014 until July 2019, Thailand was ruled by a military junta, the National Council for Peace and Order, which partially repealed the 2007 constitution, declared martial law and nationwide curfew, banned political gatherings, arrested and detained politicians and anti-coup activists, imposed internet censorship and taken control of the media. There is no discovery in the Thai legal system. The prime minister is also the chairman of the cabinet of Thailand and represents the government at home and the country abroad. The House of Representatives is the primary legislative house of the government of Thailand. The administrative court system is made up of two tiers: The Administrative Courts of First Instance and the Supreme Administrative Court. The court has since accumulated huge amounts of power and influence, generating many controversies on the way. He was educate… After the 2007 election the People's Power party (PPP) won the most seats with the Democrats and Chart Thai party trailing behind. He wielded a great deal of popular respect and moral authority, which was used at times to resolve political crises. Its king, Bhumibol Adulyadej, assumed the throne in June 1946 and is the world's longest-reigning monarch. However, they are not counted in the official list as provided by the Royal Thai Government. October 30, 2020. [nL4N2H54JJ] Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments Date of Information: 5/23/2012. Three hundred seventy-five of the MPs are elected directly from single-seat constituencies around the country. As the most visible member of the government the prime minister represents the country abroad and is the main spokesperson for the government at home. The prime minister of Thailand (Thai: นายกรัฐมนตรี; RTGS: Nayok Ratthamontri; IPA: [naː.jók rát.tÊ°à.mon.triː], literally "chief minister of state") is the head of government of Thailand.The prime minister is also the chair of the Cabinet of Thailand.The post has existed since the Revolution of 1932, when the country became a constitutional monarchy. The website, referred to as "GovChannel", is at GovChannel. All judges are formally appointed by the king. 2560 (2017))", "Thailand coup General Prayuth Chan-ocha named PM", "Human rights group slams Thailand's judicial system", "One-stop website launched with data on all Thai govt services", "Thailand PM considers moving capital as Bangkok congestion takes toll", Gov Channel (18,806 handbooks on how to apply for state services and links to all government agencies), Higher Education, Science, Research and Innovation, National Human Rights Commission of Thailand, Office of the Royal Development Projects Board, Office of the National Research Council of Thailand, Office of the Securities and Exchange Commission, Office of the Energy Regulatory Commission, National Broadcasting and Telecommunications CommissionOffice of the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Government_of_Thailand&oldid=982395008, Articles lacking in-text citations from May 2015, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from July 2014, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 21:26. ", "CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF THAILAND (B.E. [citation needed] However, the 1974 amendment to the Thai constitution allows for a princess to ascend the throne and this particular provision is retained under Section 21 of the 2017 Constitution which reads: In the case where the Throne becomes vacant and the King has not appointed an Heir under paragraph one, the Privy Council shall submit the name of the Successor to the Throne under section 20 to the Council of Ministers for further submission to the National Assembly for approval. Previously he was the de facto head of government as leader of the National Council for Peace and Order, since the coup d'état on 22 May 2014. In November 2015 the government launched a "one-stop" website with information on all government services. Thailand Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members. He is assisted by two deputy speakers. Attorneys must carry their current, yellow, bar card when in court and may be required to produce it on challenge. According to the Thai constitution, the sovereignty of the state is vested in the people, but the king exercises his powers through the executive, legislative and judiciary branches of the Thai government. He or she is selected by election in the lower house of parliament and approved by the king. Since 1932 the head of government of Thailand has been the Prime Minister of Thailand, usually the leader of the largest party or the largest coalition party in the lower house of parliament. Judges must take an examination and two different examinations are given: one exam is for judges trained in Thailand and a different examination is given for judges who graduate from foreign law schools. "The Thai government is using the monarchy and section 112 to target people who have different political stances," Mr Panupong said, insisting the movement will continue unabated. [8][9][10], Parts of this article (those related to documentation) need to be. He has been the leader of the Democrat Party since February 2005, first serving as opposition leader in the House of Representatives of Thailand, which on 15 December 2008, elected him the 27th Prime Minister of Thailand. Government declares ‘severe’ state of emergency in Bangkok with protest leaders arrested Rebecca Ratcliffe South-east Asia correspondent Thu 15 … The post of prime minister has existed since 1932, after a bloodless revolution forced the absolutist King Prajadhipok to grant for the people of Siam their first constitution. Thailand: One of the most prominent leaders of anti-government protests freed on bail. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. หลักการและนโยบายของชุมนุมธรรมาธิปัตย์. The Senate has little legislative power, but retains considerable powers of scrutiny and appointment as the Senate is vested with the power to advise on the appointment of members of the judiciary and independent government agencies. Thailand’s military-backed government has summoned the former leaders of the dissolved Future Forward Party to hear charges of sedition and other alleged crimes; continuing a judicial campaign against people thought to be behind the current pro-democracy protests. The house is the primary legislative chamber and the more powerful of the two houses. The leader is assisted by a shadow cabinet. Throughout the post's existence it has mostly been occupied by military leaders from the Royal Thai Army, three holding the rank of field marshal and seven the rank of general. The prime minister has the powers to appoint and dismiss ministers and is the main spokesperson for the government. In 2017, the military government assigned NESDC to study the possibility of moving government offices from Bangkok to Chachoengsao in the east. In this regard, the name of a Princess may be submitted. Bangkok is overcrowded, polluted, sinking, and traffic-congested. However, after the 2008 political crisis and the ruling of the constitutional court on 2 December 2008, in which the PPP plus the Chart Thai and Neutral Democratic Parties (coalition partners), the prime minister and several party executives were banned from politics for five years, the composition of the house changed. The king is also head of the House of Chakri, the ruling house of Thailand founded by King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke (or Rama I) in 1782. He is the head of state, aided in his duties by the Privy Council of Thailand. However, this has never happened up to date. The National Assembly of Thailand is a bicameral legislature and is composed of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Revolution of 1932 brought an end to absolute monarchy and replaced it with a constitutional monarchy. The government of Thailand is headed by the prime minister. Embed. She was replaced briefly by an interim prime minister, Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan, and then succeeded by General Prayut Chan-o-cha, leader of the 2014 Thai coup d'état.[4]. A Thai court grants bail to 19 people who had been arrested in connection with three months of protests against the government and the monarchy, according to the Thai Lawyers for Human Rights group. The post of prime minister is currently held by General Prayut Chan-o-cha, who was formally appointed to the office on 24 August 2014. Thai demonstrators call for the king to give up his fortune of tens of billions of dollars as government threatens protest leaders with 15 years in prison A pro-democracy activist, Parit Chiwarak, raises a three-fingers salute, a symbol of resistance at Chana SongKhram police station in Bangkok, Thailand Monday, Nov. 30, 2020. Thailand is a constitutional monarchy. The prime minister therefore retains the prerogative to appoint or remove any minister he or she so chooses. The House includes 500 members. Only Thai citizens can be admitted to the Bar and can practice before the courts. The legislative branch (also called the Parliament of Thailand) of the Thai government was first established in the "temporary" constitution of 1932. Palace law follows the male agnatic primogeniture, where males only are allowed to succeed and inheritance is passed only from father to son and through the male line only. Constitutionally the prime minister is required to be a member of the lower house of the National Assembly (the House of Representatives). The lower house of the legislative branch has been in existence in some form since 1932. It is operated by the Information and Communication Technology Ministry (MICT) and its subsidiary agency, the Digital Government Development Agency (DGA)[6] (formerly the Electronic Government Agency [EGA]). The system of government is modelled after the Westminster system. Succession to the throne is governed by the 1924 Palace Law of Succession, promulgated by King Vajiravudh. The prime minister is, in accordance with the constitution, selected, first by an election in the lower house (According to the B.E.2560 Constitution, The Prime Minister will be elected by both houses till Next 5 years), then officially appointed by the King. The constitution stipulates that although the sovereignty of the state is vested in the people, the king will exercise such powers through the three branches of the Thai government. Pheu Thai, the largest opposition party, said in a statement Thursday that the government should immediately lift the state of emergency and release the arrested protest leaders. Police in Thailand have sought arrest warrants for six anti-government protest leaders on the trumped up charge of of sedition. The Asian Human Rights Commission called the Thai legal system a "mess" and called for a drastic overhaul of Thailand's criminal procedures. The courts as mandated in the constitution are composed of three tiers: the Court of First Instance, the Court of Appeals, and the Supreme Court of Justice of Thailand. In March 1996, Banharn appointed the members of the new Senate; unlike earlier Senates, … The post of prime minister is currently held by General Prayut Chan-o-cha , who was formally appointed to the office on 24 August 2014. The other 125 members are selected using "proportional representation" through party-lists. the names of political leaders: King: Maha Vajiralongkorn, Rama X (since 13 December 2016) – hereditary Prime Minister: Prayut Chan-o-cha (since 24 August 2014, acting since 22 May 2014) Prior to the coup d'état, the prime minister was nominated by a vote in the Thai House of Representatives by a simple majority, and is then appointed and sworn-in by the king of Thailand. The successor of the PPP still retained most seats, however the remainder of the coalition partners defected and joined a Democrat-led government which was inaugurated on 17 December 2008, leaving the For Thais Party (successor of the PPP) and the Pracharaj Party in opposition. All branches of government are concentrated in Bangkok, the capital city of Thailand. The premier heads the executive branch and also heads the Cabinet of Thailand. Government Biographies > World Leaders by Country or Region > Thailand Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members ; Cite. The criminally accused are entitled to have a court-appointed certified translator present in court if they cannot afford one. First set up in 1997, the Constitutional Court of Thailand was created solely as a high court to settle matters pertaining to the constitution. The leader of the opposition is a powerful position with considerable influence. There are 20 cabinet ministries, accounting for the main portion of state employees. The most prominent leaders of Thai anti-government protests presented themselves at a police station on Monday to hear charges of insulting the monarchy of King Maha Vajiralongkorn, but said they would not be deterred from their demonstrations. The cabinet is responsible for the formulation and execution of policies of the government. The house sits for a term of four years, however a dissolution of the house can happen anytime before the expiration of the term. "Using 112 against us could light the fire for us, for the people who disagree with … In Thailand's southern border provinces, where Muslims constitute the majority of the population, provincial Islamic committees have limited jurisdiction over probate, family, marriage, and divorce cases. On 24 March 2019, Thailand voted in the 2019 Thai general election, supporting a spread of opinion across many political parties vying to be in government. [citation needed] It is home to virtually all government ministries and functionaries. [nL4N2H54JJ] Thailand is a constitutional monarchy. The royal family is revered by many Thais. Bangkok- A number of anti-government protesters rallied at the heart of Bangkok this afternoon, claiming alleged unjust behaviors of officers against their protest leaders. There are no juries in trials. In January 1985, the Thai Nation Party (Phak Chat Thai) won the largest number of House seats, and its leader, Banharn Silapa-Archa, headed the new coalition government. Thailand banned demonstrations and arrested at least three protest leaders on Thursday after an escalation in more than three months of anti-government rallies. The king also retained some traditional powers such as the power to appoint his heirs, the power to grant pardons, and the royal assent. LIST OF THAI PRIME MINISTERS with names also in Thai, National Peace Keeping Council (Kongsompong), Council for National Security (Boonyaratglin), National Council for Peace and Order (Chan-o-cha), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_prime_ministers_of_Thailand&oldid=993767325, Lists related to the Prime Ministers of Thailand, Lists of political office-holders in Thailand, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Slander and libel are not civil torts in Thailand but criminal offences. The Cabinet of Thailand or the Council of Ministers of Thailand is a council composed of 35 ministers of state and deputy ministers, who run the cabinet ministries of the kingdom. [1] The Revolution of 1932 brought an end to absolute monarchy and replaced it with a constitutional monarchy. Leaders of Thailand’s anti-government protest movement on Wednesday dismissed Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha’s proposal to set up an inclusive committee to find ways to break the current political impasse. The Senate and the House of Representatives were abolished after 22 May 2014 coup by the "National Council for Peace and Order" (NCPO). Maha Vajiralongkorn, the 10th Thai monarch of the Chakri dynasty, was proclaimed king in December 2016. … The government of Thailand is composed of three branches: the executive, the legislative, and the judiciary. The flooding of Bangkok in 2011, revived the idea of moving government functions from Bangkok given its subsidence rate of two centimetres per year and its propensity to flood. Thailand has so far had seventeen Constitutions. Appeals must be filed with the trial court within thirty (30) days of the judge reading, signing, and issuing the verdict. 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