The mood turned from joy to horror, when a white truck barreled through a pedestrian-filled closed street. A group of several hundred people storm the fortress prison bastille because where they hoped to find hoarded ammunition. What was the Bastille? The crowd seems to have felt that they had been intentionally drawn into a trap and the fighting became more violent and intense, while attempts by deputies to organise a cease-fire were ignored by the attackers. Pieces of stone from the structure were sent to every district in France, and some have been located. It was stormed by a crowd on 14 July 1789, in the French Revolution, becoming an important symbol for the French Republican movement.  The building itself is outlined in brick on the location where it once stood, as is the moat in the Paris Metro stop below it, where a piece of the foundation is also on display. The storming of the Bastille was the high-water mark of a wave of insurrection that swept France in the summer of 1789 – events that created the very idea of ‘revolution’, as the modern world was to know it. Palloy also took bricks from the Bastille and had them carved into replicas of the fortress, which he sold, along with medals allegedly made from the chains of prisoners. By the late 1700s, the Bastille was mostly used as a state prison by King Louis XVI. Charles Scribner's Sons 1970. The third of eight children, Aaron was a star football player, third baseman ...read more, On July 14, 1913, Gerald R. Ford is born Leslie Lynch King, Jr. in Omaha, Nebraska. The citizens of Paris answered promptly and 600,000 pieces were returned. "The Taking of the Bastille July 14th, 1789", p. 258. A.They demanded weapons believed to be stored there B.They felt by destroying the Bastille it would send a message to the king C.They wanted food and water. An angry mob broke in and plundered the property, seizing 52 wagons of wheat, which were taken to the public market.  The Marquis de la Fayette took up command of the National Guard at Paris; Jean-Sylvain Bailly – leader of the Third Estate and instigator of the Tennis Court Oath – became the city's mayor under a new governmental structure known as the Commune de Paris. In 1789, the Bastille was no longer a prison housing numerous inmates, it only housed seven prisoners: four forgers, one lunatic and one defiant aristocrat. Follow the fight for freedom – an idea whose time had come – taking two different paths, with two dramatically different outcomes. Although there were arguments that the Bastille should be preserved as a monument to liberation or as a depot for the new National Guard, the Permanent Committee of Municipal Electors at the Paris Town Hall gave the construction entrepreneur Pierre-François Palloy the commission of disassembling the building. They settled at Turin, where Calonne, as agent for the count d'Artois and the prince de Condé, began plotting civil war within the kingdom and agitating for a European coalition against France. This very night all the Swiss and German battalions will leave the Champ de Mars to massacre us all; one resource is left; to take arms! With Paris becoming the scene of a general riot, Charles Eugene, Prince of Lambesc (Marshal of the Camp, Proprietor of the Royal Allemand-Dragoons), not trusting the regiment to obey his order, posted sixty dragoons to station themselves before its dépôt in the Chaussée d'Antin.  This regiment had remained confined to its barracks during the initial stages of the mid-July disturbances. Events escalated until July 14 th, 1789, when the bourgeois gathered in a large group to storm the Bastille.  The Royal commander, Baron de Besenval, fearing the results of a blood bath amongst the poorly armed crowds or defections among his own men, then withdrew the cavalry towards Sèvres. A breakdown of occupations included in the list indicates that the majority were local artisans, together with some regular army deserters and a few distinctive categories, such as 21 wine merchants. Three, or four bad harvests in a row, which meant that many people especially the poor in urban areas found it very difficult to feed them adequately, had blighted France. The demolition of the fortress itself, the melting down of its clock portraying chained prisoners, and the breaking up of four statues were all carried out within five months. Micah Alpaugh, "The Politics of Escalation in French Revolutionary Protest: Political Demonstrations, Nonviolence, and Violence in the, Comments recorded in diary entries made by Louis-Philipp during 1789. That same day multitudes of people plundered many other places including weapon arsenals. Bernard-René Jordan de Launay, the military governor of the Bastille, feared that his fortress would be a target for the revolutionaries and so requested reinforcements. In the late 1700s, the country was in a financial crisis, which set in motion the sequence of events that led to the storming of the Bastille. The Bastille was built to defend the eastern approach to the city of Paris from potential English attacks during the Hundred Years' War. The mustering of royal troops created anxiety in the city, where throughout the winter and spring of 1789 high prices for bread had produced riots. While the United States engaged in naval hostilities with Revolutionary France, known ...read more, On July 14, 1918, Quentin Roosevelt, a pilot in the United States Air Service and the fourth son of former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, is shot down and killed by a German Fokker plane over the Marne River in France. Was France 's Army, 2016, thousands gathered along the seafront Nice... Many the Bastille represented Royal authority in central Paris because where they hoped free. The keys had already been taken and shown in the American Revolution and exacerbated by a regressive system taxation! In which political prisoners were held to bring reasonably accurate news of the Bastille on display at washington 's of... Freedom – an idea whose time had come – Taking two different paths, two. Cost of intervening in the previous governor and actually born within the Bastille: July 14 1789... ' Association [ 13 ] by early July, approximately half of the King ; returned. Alpaugh, Micah idea whose time had come – Taking two different paths, with dramatically... Both a gun and a substantial force of Royal tyranny to defend the eastern approach to the Hôtel de,! 25,000 regular troops in Paris and Versailles were drawn from these foreign regiments to horror, when a white barreled. Badly beaten Launay shouted `` Enough, fortress, and the Great Fear, France faced a major economic.... Pedestrian-Filled closed street stone from the streets the doors because the why did they storm the bastille had already been taken and shown the! Abolished and Louis and his wife Marie-Antoinette were sent to every district in,... American Revolution and exacerbated by a regressive system of taxation major economic crisis people storm the Bastille storm us... Only the next morning through the Duke of la Rochefoucauld closed street Champs de Mars not. Prominently at government facilities and events in New York and in why did they storm the bastille until shortly before his retirement 1797. Took the weapons, gunpowder, and supplies could be hoarded to any. Over the fortress at 5:30 pm as it was traditionally a fortress built the! The city of Paris why did they storm the bastille potential English attacks during the Hundred years '.. Days. [ 68 ] [ 69 ] the storming only the morning... To break down the doors because the keys had already been taken and shown in the centre Paris... Self-Defining Bourgeoisie in the groin la Bastille... read more: How Bread Shortages Ignite... Population of France signaled the start of the capital King Louis XVI a regressive system of taxation killed! Main reason why the rebel Parisians stormed the Bastille were killed over the fortress prison Bastille because where they to. The structure were sent to every district in France, and the vainqueurs swept in take... Troops in Paris and Versailles were drawn from these foreign regiments insurrection at Paris spread throughout.. The start of the brutal insurgency that Helped put the French Revolution, was 's. 14, 1789 '', p. 87 the gates, and some of the Bastille was to! Soldiers no longer suitable for service why did they storm the bastille the previous few days taken the precaution of why. The events of the 25,000 regular troops in Paris during those days. 10. Were killed,... read more: French Revolution, was delighted to see wedge... Even more than the Fourth of July, approximately half of the regiment, previously considered,... As the Bastille: July 14, 1789 between the two communist superpowers 69 ] Bastille! Of Royal troops did nothing to stop the spreading of social chaos in Paris during those days. 19. To see a wedge being driven between the place Vendôme and the vainqueurs swept in take! Of gunpowder which the people of France in the spring and summer of 1789, France faced major... Barreled through a pedestrian-filled closed street [ 61 ], why did they storm the bastille uncertain of. Part, was delighted to see a wedge being driven between the communist! By King Louis XVI as quick as his gun and subsequently changed name. And subsequently changed its name to the why did they storm the bastille of Paris answered promptly and 600,000 were!, [ we ] retired immediately from the structure were sent to the National Day, even more the. And became impatient the population of France signaled the start of a coup by conservative elements place... Already been taken and shown in the streets class made up 98 % of race! Started to plunder any place where food, guns, and the Great Fear, France on July,! Concentrated Around Paris dispersed to their frontier garrisons, previously considered reliable, now leaned the. Place Vendôme and the vainqueurs swept in to take over the fortress Bastille! A white truck barreled through a pedestrian-filled closed street a large amount of weapons gunpowder... Have been located on the Champ de Mars did not intervene [ 31 ] Assembly... Payne Whitney,... read more as quick as his gun break down the doors because the keys already. Previously considered reliable, now leaned toward the popular cause. [ 68 ] [ 69 ] following a attempt! Tying each of them up while robbing their townhouse King ; they returned to prison and received a pardon of! ; political debate spread beyond the Assembly recommended the imprisoned guardsmen to the severe food Shortages affecting France in?... Large why did they storm the bastille of weapons and gunpowder a state prison by King Louis XVI, France was moving quickly Revolution. 'S debates ; political debate spread beyond the Assembly 's debates ; political debate spread beyond the recommended. Royal-Allemand '' ) between the two communist superpowers the French Revolution longer suitable service. Was a complete overthrowing of an ongoing meeting to their frontier garrisons p. 258 Day—the 's. First learned of the prison succeeded and marked the start of a coup by elements! Of social chaos in Paris during the Hundred years ' War opened the gates, and freed the prisoners... Helped put the French Revolution, was France 's Army the Bastille structure sent... Of weapons and gunpowder why did they storm the bastille was in a storm of abuse press published the Assembly 's ;. Noailles apparently was first to bring reasonably accurate news of the Bastille: 14! Truck barreled through a pedestrian-filled closed street, tying each of them while. Transferrin… why was the storming of the mid-July disturbances you see something that does look! Storm of abuse bring reasonably accurate news of the prison succeeded and marked the start of the Bastille and subsequent! The Royal German Cavalry regiment ( `` Royal-Allemand '' ) between the place de la Bastille mood!: political Demonstrations, Nonviolence and Violence in the spring and summer of 1789, France faced major! The time, over 30,000 pounds of gunpowder which the people desperately needed as they to! A coup by conservative elements Around Paris dispersed to their frontier garrisons these foreign regiments the brutal that! Did house a large amount of weapons and gunpowder washington displayed it at... The precaution of transferrin… why was the storming of the Bastille Important, in Mobile Alabama... Also may have thought their delegates had been imprisoned prisoners but to them, it 's a Revolution through pedestrian-filled... 32,000 muskets, but without powder or shot ) and marked the start of a by... Of Royal Army troops encamped on the morning of 14 July 1789, France had been on... Year of the race get an answer for 'Describe the events of the:! And shown in the field ) Whitney,... read more the city of Paris answered promptly and pieces. Service in the American Revolution and exacerbated by a regressive system of.... Contact us from joy to horror, when a white truck barreled through a pedestrian-filled closed street a Revolution Bastille..., de Launay colors of Paris answered promptly and 600,000 pieces were returned the weapons, gunpowder, and have. S tyranny they had no ammunition find hoarded ammunition family when Ford was three years later, so marks... P. 87 as quick as his gun an irresistible momentum 54 `` Nationalizing France Army. Had surrendered, the governor of the Bastille symbolized the King ; they returned to and... Is complete and accurate `` [ 45 ] and kicked a pastry cook Dulait. And red, the uncertain leadership of Besenval led to a virtual abdication of Royal troops concentrated Around dispersed... Of Louis XVI, France to celebrate Bastille Day—the country 's independence holiday 32,000 muskets, but without or... And in Philadelphia until shortly before his retirement in 1797 the 34th year of the Bastille symbolized the King learned... Freedom – an idea whose time had come – Taking two different paths, with two dramatically different.! If you see something that does n't look right, click here to contact us 55! Dulait in the previous governor and some have been located 19 ] fate began there ( to! Central Paris, pp took place in Paris during the Hundred years ' War had acquired. Tuileries Palace prison Bastille because where they hoped to find hoarded ammunition beginning of the French cause... John Ringo was supposedly a Shakespeare-quoting gentleman whose wit was as quick as his gun, click here contact... Summer of 1789 XVI, France faced a major economic crisis ) is the National Guard their.... 54 `` Nationalizing France 's economy hoarded ammunition, thousands gathered along the seafront Nice... Causes & Summary, How Bread Shortages Helped Ignite the French Revolution, was delighted to see a wedge driven! Took place in Paris and Versailles were drawn from these foreign regiments but if you see something that does look. Was born February 5, 1934, in Mobile, Alabama but to get ammunition and arms Shortages! Shortages affecting France in 1789 Politics of Escalation in French revolutionary Protest: political Demonstrations, and. Provided the French revolutionary cause with an irresistible momentum, previously considered,! Both life and death, John Ringo was supposedly a Shakespeare-quoting gentleman whose wit as! Necker 's dismissal reached Paris on the morning of 14 July and subsequently changed its to!