The mood turned from joy to horror, when a white truck barreled through a pedestrian-filled closed street. A group of several hundred people storm the fortress prison bastille because where they hoped to find hoarded ammunition. What was the Bastille? The crowd seems to have felt that they had been intentionally drawn into a trap and the fighting became more violent and intense, while attempts by deputies to organise a cease-fire were ignored by the attackers. Pieces of stone from the structure were sent to every district in France, and some have been located. It was stormed by a crowd on 14 July 1789, in the French Revolution, becoming an important symbol for the French Republican movement. [71] The building itself is outlined in brick on the location where it once stood, as is the moat in the Paris Metro stop below it, where a piece of the foundation is also on display. The storming of the Bastille was the high-water mark of a wave of insurrection that swept France in the summer of 1789 – events that created the very idea of ‘revolution’, as the modern world was to know it. Palloy also took bricks from the Bastille and had them carved into replicas of the fortress, which he sold, along with medals allegedly made from the chains of prisoners. By the late 1700s, the Bastille was mostly used as a state prison by King Louis XVI. Charles Scribner's Sons 1970. The third of eight children, Aaron was a star football player, third baseman ...read more, On July 14, 1913, Gerald R. Ford is born Leslie Lynch King, Jr. in Omaha, Nebraska. The citizens of Paris answered promptly and 600,000 pieces were returned. "The Taking of the Bastille July 14th, 1789", p. 258. A.They demanded weapons believed to be stored there B.They felt by destroying the Bastille it would send a message to the king C.They wanted food and water. An angry mob broke in and plundered the property,[18] seizing 52 wagons of wheat, which were taken to the public market. [56] The Marquis de la Fayette took up command of the National Guard at Paris;[57] Jean-Sylvain Bailly – leader of the Third Estate and instigator of the Tennis Court Oath – became the city's mayor under a new governmental structure known as the Commune de Paris. In 1789, the Bastille was no longer a prison housing numerous inmates, it only housed seven prisoners: four forgers, one lunatic and one defiant aristocrat. Follow the fight for freedom – an idea whose time had come – taking two different paths, with two dramatically different outcomes. Although there were arguments that the Bastille should be preserved as a monument to liberation or as a depot for the new National Guard, the Permanent Committee of Municipal Electors at the Paris Town Hall gave the construction entrepreneur Pierre-François Palloy the commission of disassembling the building. They settled at Turin, where Calonne, as agent for the count d'Artois and the prince de Condé, began plotting civil war within the kingdom and agitating for a European coalition against France. This very night all the Swiss and German battalions will leave the Champ de Mars to massacre us all; one resource is left; to take arms! With Paris becoming the scene of a general riot, Charles Eugene, Prince of Lambesc (Marshal of the Camp, Proprietor of the Royal Allemand-Dragoons), not trusting the regiment to obey his order, posted sixty dragoons to station themselves before its dépôt in the Chaussée d'Antin. [20] This regiment had remained confined to its barracks during the initial stages of the mid-July disturbances. Events escalated until July 14 th, 1789, when the bourgeois gathered in a large group to storm the Bastille. [15] The Royal commander, Baron de Besenval, fearing the results of a blood bath amongst the poorly armed crowds or defections among his own men, then withdrew the cavalry towards Sèvres. A breakdown of occupations included in the list indicates that the majority were local artisans, together with some regular army deserters and a few distinctive categories, such as 21 wine merchants. Three, or four bad harvests in a row, which meant that many people especially the poor in urban areas found it very difficult to feed them adequately, had blighted France. The demolition of the fortress itself, the melting down of its clock portraying chained prisoners, and the breaking up of four statues were all carried out within five months. Micah Alpaugh, "The Politics of Escalation in French Revolutionary Protest: Political Demonstrations, Nonviolence, and Violence in the, Comments recorded in diary entries made by Louis-Philipp during 1789. That same day multitudes of people plundered many other places including weapon arsenals. Bernard-René Jordan de Launay, the military governor of the Bastille, feared that his fortress would be a target for the revolutionaries and so requested reinforcements. In the late 1700s, the country was in a financial crisis, which set in motion the sequence of events that led to the storming of the Bastille. The Bastille was built to defend the eastern approach to the city of Paris from potential English attacks during the Hundred Years' War. The mustering of royal troops created anxiety in the city, where throughout the winter and spring of 1789 high prices for bread had produced riots. 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